Filter by...
Reset all

Publications (14)

Working Paper pdf
– A controlled comparison of Rwanda and Burundi
Omar Shahabudin McDoom - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

I examine whether and how the means through which a civil war ends affects the success of a country’s state-building strategy after conflict. I show that two distinct modes of conflict termination—military victories and negotiated settlements—lead to differential long-run...

Working Paper pdf
Emily Dunlop, Yasmine Bekkouche, Philip Verwimp - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

In this study, we investigate the relationship between education reform, institutional legacies of inequality, and changing political institutions in a poor, conflict-affected country. Burundi experienced a dramatic change in ethnic power relations after the 1993–2005 civil war. The post...

Working Paper pdf
– Comparing views from Rwandan and Burundian citizens
Bert Ingelaere, Réginas Ndayiragije, Marijke Verpoorten - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The lack of political representation often lies at the origin of identity-based violence, and, when not resolved, can re-ignite violence. We study who perceives gains and losses in political representation in Rwanda and Burundi and why. We rely on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of...

Working Paper pdf
Isabel Ruiz, Carlos Vargas-Silva - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

How does conflict, displacement, and return shape trust, reconciliation, and community engagement? And what is the relative impact of exposure to violence on these indicators? In this paper we explore these questions by focusing on the legacies of armed conflict and the differences between...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparative analysis of Burundi and Rwanda
Andrea Guariso, Bert Ingelaere, Marijke Verpoorten - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the impact of electoral gender quotas in post-war Burundi and Rwanda on women’s political representation. First, we look at descriptive representation by studying the number of female representatives and the prestige of their positions in the legislative and executive branches...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Devon E. A. Curtis - Third World Quarterly, 2015

Part of Journal Special Issue Aid to Support Fragile States

Working Paper pdf
Devon E. A. Curtis - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Rwanda and Burundi have both emerged from civil wars over the past 20 years and foreign donors have provided significant contributions to post-conflict reconstruction and development in the two countries. Yet although Rwanda and Burundi share several important characteristics, the social, political...

Working Paper pdf
– Portfolio Choice and Violence in Civil War in Rural Burundi
Eleonora Nillesen, Philip Verwimp - UNU-WIDER, 2010 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper challenges the idea that farmers revert to subsistence farming when confronted with violence from civil war. Macro-economic evidence on economic legacies of civil war suggests that civil wars, while obviously disastrous in the short run, do not need to have persistent effects on long...

Journal Article
Léonce Ndikumana - The Round Table, 2005

Part of Journal Special Issue Conflict and Peace-building

– Interactions between Politics and Economics
Tony Addison - The Round Table, 2005 - Abindon, Oxon, UK

Reconstruction from conflict is a complex and demanding task, and a major challenge for the UN system as well as the wider donor community. National authorities and their donor partners are faced with multiple priorities - rebuilding infrastructure, assisting war-damaged communities, and re-...

Working Paper pdf
Léonce Ndikumana - UNU-WIDER, 2005 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the causes of conflict in Burundi and discusses strategies for building peace. The analysis of the complex relationships between distribution and group dynamics reveals that these relationships are reciprocal, implying that distribution and group dynamics are endogenous. The...

Working Paper pdf
Léonce Ndikumana - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The ethnic conflicts in Burundi and Rwanda have severely weakened the economies and worsened the structural fiscal imbalances of these countries. Government revenue has declined due to the erosion of the tax base and tax administration capacity. At the same time, governments have...

Book Chapter
– The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability
Patrick D. Gaffney - , 2000
Displaying 14 of 14 results.