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Publications (29)

Working Paper pdf
Adeel Malik, Rinchan Ali Mirza, Faiz Ur Rehman - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine whether frontier rule, which disallows frontier residents from recourse to formal institutions of conflict management and disproportionately empowers tribal elites, provides a more fragile basis for maintaining social order in the face of shocks. Combining a historical border that...

Working Paper pdf
– A new measure for son preference based on stated preferences and observed measures of parents' fertility decisions
Mehwish Ghulam Ali, Ashton De Silva, Sarah Sinclair, Ankita Mishra - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Investigating preference for sons is a continuing focal area of development economics and demographic research. Son preference presents a challenge in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals of ‘no poverty’, ‘good health and wellbeing’, and ‘gender...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of financial shocks and marital customs
Sarah Khan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This project aims to explore the effect of wealth shocks on education and marriage for young women in Pakistan. Financial shocks are used to estimate the probability of dropping out of education and into marriage. Using the Pakistan Rural Household Panel survey for the years 2000–10, the...

Working Paper pdf
– Cash transfers and political attitudes in Pakistan
Yashodhan Ghorpade, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies how household-level receipts of cash transfers affect political attitudes in Pakistan. The paper exploits the locally exogenous eligibility cut-off of the flagship Benazir Income Support Programme to estimate causal effects. The main results show evidence of improved...

Journal Special Issue This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Data, measurement, and trends
Carla Canelas, Rachel M. Gisselquist - Social Indicators Research, 2019

Inequality and social exclusion receive considerable contemporary policy attention. In the field of international development, inequality—both vertical (between individuals and households) and horizontal (between groups)—is a core concern in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Hadia Majid, Rashid Memon - Social Indicators Research, 2019

Part of Journal Special Issue Horizontal inequality in the Global South

– Evidence from an insurgency in India
Heidi Kaila, Saurabh Singhal, Divya Tuteja - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Implementing development programmes in conflict-affected areas is crucial for conflict as well as poverty reduction. The big question is how do you carry out these programmes successfully? Are there specific conditions under which development policies are effective? What is their impact on...

Jean-Philippe Platteau - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There are three main channels of women’s empowerment: legal or policy reforms, outside economic opportunities, and collective action. Legal (or policy) reforms are generally based on statutory laws that enact rules to be followed or prohibit certain practices. External economic...

– The case of abortion in El Salvador
Jocelyn Viterna, Jose Santos Guardado Bautista, Silvia Ivette Juarez Barrios, Alba Evelyn Cortez - Oxford University Press, 2018
– Evidence from rural Pakistan
Xavier Giné, Salma Khalid, Ghazala Mansuri - Oxford University Press, 2018
This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, Jean-Philippe Platteau - Oxford University Press, 2018

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. As a result of widespread mistreatment and overt...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from rural Pakistan
Xavier Giné, Salma Khalid, Ghazala Mansuri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We use a randomized community development programme in rural Pakistan to assess the impact of citizen engagement on public service delivery and maternal and child health outcomes. The programme had a strong focus on ensuring the participation of women. Women in the study villages had also...

Working Paper pdf
– Rethinking our approach to the world’s most fragile states
David Carment, Yiagadeesen Samy - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Those fragile states whose stagnation is so tenacious despite generous aid programs, and substantial and costly interventions, are stuck in a ‘fragility trap.’ Caught in a low-level equilibrium, trapped states appear to be in a perpetual political and economic limbo that can last for...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Pakistan
Hadia Majid, Rashid Memon - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

This study explores the patterns and consequences of ethnic and regional inequalities in Pakistan. Using inter-district variation in inequality, ethnic fractionalization, and access to public goods, we extend the literature on public service provisioning by using finer estimates of between-group...

Working Paper pdf
Hina Nazli, Edward Whitney, Kristi Mahrt - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The official estimates of poverty in Pakistan have shown a remarkable and consistent decline in the poverty headcount during the previous decade. This paper examines trends in poverty between 2001 and 2011 using the official food energy intake and the cost of basic needs approaches, both of...

Working Paper pdf
– Measuring real inequality using survey data from developing countries
Ulrik Beck - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates how two effects drive wedges between nominal and real inequality estimates. The effects are caused by (i) differences in the composition of consumption over the income distribution coupled with differential inflation of consumption items; and (ii) quantity discounting...

Displaying 16 of 29 results.