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Publications (420)

Working Paper pdf
– Individual impacts of the Employment Tax Incentive
Amina Ebrahim, Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses survey and tax administrative data to analyse the effects of a sizeable employer-borne payroll tax credit for young, low-wage workers in South Africa. We find limited impact of the wage subsidy on employment of young, low-wage workers relative to two comparison groups: slightly...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic
Timothy Köhler, Robert Hill, Haroon Bhorat - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Wage subsidies have served as a primary labour market policy used around the world to mitigate job losses in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In South Africa, where unemployment is among the highest globally, the Temporary Employer–Employee Relief Scheme supported millions of workers in a...

Working Paper pdf
Jacqueline Mosomi, Amy Thornton - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Previous economic downturns such as the 2008–09 Global Financial Crisis disproportionately affected male employment due to greater contractions in industries typically filled by men (e.g., manufacturing). However, after the imposition of the ‘hard’ COVID-19 lockdown between 2020...

Working Paper pdf
Ewa Karwowski, Hanna Szymborska, Keagile Lesame, Tlhologelo Thoka - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Globally, corporate cash holdings have risen since the 1980s. In South Africa, some commentators have accused corporations of engaging in an ‘investment strike’, while others see corporate liquidity as a precaution against systemic uncertainty. We use the unique South African...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Daniel Grieco, Francesco Bripi - Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2022

Anecdotal evidence suggests that involving beneficiaries in charity decision-making ensures better governance processes. This study provides the first experimental test of the effects of beneficiaries’ participation in the decision of how to spend a charity's funds. We consider four...

Working Paper pdf
– Estimating the impact of pandemic job loss on poverty in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Joshua Budlender, Maya Goldman - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Up-to-date, nationally representative household income/expenditure data are crucial to estimating poverty during the COVID-19 pandemic and to policy-making more broadly, but South Africa lacks such data. We present new pandemic poverty estimates, simulating incomes in pre-pandemic household...

Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

‘I intend to see a world in which tax policy research is based on evidence, and policy decisions are data-driven.’ This is an aspiration expressed by a participant of the WIDER Winter School 2022. The comment summarizes well the reasoning behind the course and UNU-WIDER’s goals...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Poverty dynamics and inequality in South Africa between 2008 and 2017
Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia, Murray Leibbrandt - South African Journal of Economics , 2022

 Longitudinal surveys allow us to understand how markers of (dis)advantage determine present material welfare and economic upward or downward mobility over time. In this paper, we use five waves of panel data to empirically assess the extent and dynamics of poverty in South Africa between...

Working Paper pdf
Kwabena Adu-Ababio - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper calculates automatic stabilization in Ghana, South Africa, and Ecuador to explain income cushioning amid income and demand shocks. Fiscal policies within these countries are also stress tested to gauge welfare contingencies and insurance. A discretionary action approach is adopted...

Working Paper pdf
– An exploration of tensions over race-based policies of redress and redistribution in South Africa
Ayabonga Cawe - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Capital spending on infrastructure presents a significant counter-cyclical tool, however contested it might be in a society as unequal as South Africa. The history of racial capitalism, race-based exclusion from economic participation, and an enduring political economy based on the...

Working Paper pdf
– Or what to do when r > g
Roy Havemann, Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa runs a primary fiscal deficit and the long-term interest rate on government borrowing, r, is greater than the long-term economic growth rate, g. Without intervention, debt will continue to rise until there is a disorderly fiscal stop. Reforms to raise growth have not materialized,...

Working Paper pdf
– A stalled recovery
Michael Rogan, Caroline Skinner - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper seeks to identify the differentiated impacts of the crisis on specific groups of informal workers. The analysis draws on official nationally representative labour force surveys collected quarterly by South Africa’s national statistical agency (Statistics South Africa). Based...

Background Note pdf
Amina Ebrahim, Sibusiso Gumbi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Introduction The South African youth wage subsidy started in 2014 to increase employment and create jobs for low-wage youth. The subsidy was temporarily raised in value and expanded to reach more workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic. During the lockdown period, the government used the...

Report pdf
– Social transfers in South Africa during the coronavirus national lockdown, 2020
Thokozani Chilenga-Butao - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This case study details the policy choices and decisions of the South African government to provide economic relief, through social grants, to vulnerable South Africans and those resident in South Africa to enable them to withstand the effects of the coronavirus pandemic. The first phase of this...

Working Paper pdf
Patrick Honohan, Athanasios Orphanides - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews South Africa’s monetary policy since 2007 and makes recommendations towards improving the inflation-targeting framework currently in place. Following a surge in inflation into double digits in 2007/08, the South African Reserve Bank managed to guide inflation in line...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Kilumelume, Bruno Morando, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Extractive industries form an important part of the economy for many developing countries, but their impact on growth and welfare remains understudied. With global efforts to transition to net-zero carbon emissions in the coming decades, understanding the local impacts of the extractives...

Displaying 16 of 420 results.