Demographic, employment, and wage trends in South Africa
This paper looks to uncover the growth traps and opportunities for the South African economy, with a focus on underlying labour market dynamics. We explore the potential of South Africa’s demographic dividend. We also consider the structure of the...
The Impact of Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes on Household Work Decisions in Ghana
A cash transfer programme ‘Livelihood Empowerment against Poverty’ has been implemented with the aim of addressing poverty and vulnerability in Ghana. This study looks at the impact of this conditional cash transfer programme on households’ supply of...
The rise in women's labour force participation in Mexico
THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW | This study estimates the relative importance of alternative supply and demand mechanisms in explaining the rise of female labor-force participation (FLFP) over the last 55 years in Mexico. The growth of FLFP in Mexico...
New Economy and ICT Development in China
The rapid development and diffusion of the information and communications technology (ICT) is the major driving force of the New Economy. While there is ample evidence to suggest that the ICT industry has contributed a great deal to the overall...
International Trade and Manufacturing Employment Outcomes in India
The Indian economy has observed significant trade reforms since the mid 1980s, and the Indian manufacturing sector has rapidly increased its integration with the world economy. In this paper, we ask the question: did the increased trade integration...
Conflict, Disasters, and No Jobs
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest growth rate in net international migration in the world. The reasons for this migration are investigated in this paper. First, a survey of the literature on the profile and determinants of international...
Foreign Trade and the Gender Earnings Differential in Urban Mexico
This paper examines the effect of foreign trade induced product market competition, upon workplace gender discrimination in urban Mexico as measured by the gender earnings differential. More than four decades ago, Becker argued that labour market...
Trade with China and India and Manufacturing Labour Demand in Argentina
For many in Latin America, the increasing participation of China and India in international markets is seen as a looming shadow of two ‘mighty giants’ on the region’s manufacturing sector. Are they really mighty giants when it comes to their impact...
ICT Opportunities and Challenges for Development in the Arab World
This paper examines the status of ICT in the Arab world and the potential opportunities and challenges that ICT is expected to create for development in the region. The analysis shows that, despite the recent growth in the demand for ICT, it has a...
Demographic, employment, and wage trends in South Africa
While South Africa’s democratic transition precipitated a period of growth, this growth was not inclusive and both poverty and inequality remain high A significant trend in the South African labour market has been the rising share of workers in the...
Trade Liberalization and the Self-employed in Mexico
In this paper I examine the trend in income inequality and poverty among the self-employed workers in Mexico over the last two decades (1984–2002). This is the period over which Mexico opened its economy to the global market through trade and...
The rise in women’s labour force participation in Mexico
We estimate the relative importance of alternative labour supply and demand mechanisms in explaining the rise of female labour force participation over the last 55 years in Mexico. The growth of female labour force participation in Mexico between...
Labour demand and the distribution of wages in South African manufacturing exporters
This paper contributes to the understanding of the linkages between exporting, labour demand, and wages in South Africa. We disentangle labour market differences between exporters and non-exporters and find that exporters employ more people and pay...
Structural transformation, biased technical change and labor demand in Vietnam
The 2nd Asian Development Review Conference was organized in Manila 1-2 August 2013 by the ADB, the Asian Development Review (ADR) and the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI). The Director of UNU-WIDER, Finn Tarp, presented a paper on structural...
1 August 2013
2 August 2013
Illegal Fishing by Small-Scale Fishers in Ghana: Findings and Policy Suggestions
27 May 2014 Wisdom Akpalu The number of fishers and fishing vessels in the capture fishery sector, especially the artisanal marine fishery sub-sector...
Interplay of Human and Social Capital in Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries
This paper discusses the characteristics and determinants of entrepreneurial behaviour in Uganda. It is based on a recent survey of urban and rural entrepreneurs, executed in May 2008. The main dependent variables are business success, gestation...
WIDER Annual Lecture 18: Managing Structural Transformation
18 December 2014 Roger Williamson At the UN headquarters in New York on 18 November 2014, Peter Timmer, emeritus professor from Harvard, showed how...
UNU-WIDER Inequality Conference 2014: Country Comparisons and Conceptual Approaches
18 December 2014 Roger Williamson In an earlier article I reviewed a number of the high-profile contributions to the September 2014 conference on...
Regional Industrialization and Integration in Southern Africa - Reporting from TIPS Annual Forum
The white-painted cluster of traditional style buildings might suggest that this was a farm on the South African veldt. Not so however—it was Trade...
The elasticity of substitution and labour-displacing technical change in post-apartheid South Africa
This paper uses normalized constant elasticity of substitution production functions to estimate the elasticity of substitution and labour-augmenting technical change in South Africa over the period 1994-2012. We find elasticities of 0.6-0.9 and...
Cross-Border Movements of People
This paper sketches a profile of international labour migration over the past fifty years and draws a distinction between different categories of labour flows in the contemporary world economy. It examines the underlying factors with an emphasis on...
Return International Migration and Geographical Inequality
This paper explores entrepreneurship amongst return migrants, how their business locations and characteristics differ from other businesses, and the implications for rural-urban inequality. First, we examine, amongst returnees, the determinants of...
Global Production Networks: Risks and Opportunities
by Henryk Kierzkowski Globalization, a term that has entered everyday usage, means more than the intensification of trade relations. Improvements in...
Labor-use efficiency in Tunisian manufacturing industries
This paper investigates the process of adjustment in employment. A dynamic model is applied to a panel of six Tunisian manufacturing industries observed over a period of 25 years, from 1971 to 1996. Industries are assumed to adjust their labor inputs...
Links between foreign direct investment and human capital formation
This paper is related to the literature on the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the labour market of host countries. Labour market literature has focused on the demand side of FDI; that is, increasing wage inequality by demanding more...
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