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Publications (366)

Technical Note pdf
– CIT-IRP5 panel v4.0
Michael Kilumelume, Hayley Reynolds, Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The identification of foreign firms and South African multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the CIT-IRP5 panel has proved to be a challenge for many researchers. The CIT-IRP5 panel contains variables indicating different thresholds that determine foreign ownership. The dataset also has variables...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Even though poverty and inequality have been of overriding concern in South Africa’s development policies and programmes since its democratization in 1994, measures of poverty, inequality, and related phenomena in the country do not show a clear improvement. In some important respects, they...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The two primary features of a job are its wage and how long it lasts. Today, there is an extensive literature on wages in the developing world thanks to the expansion of national household survey data. However, far less work has been conducted on job duration in these countries, primarily due to...

– Natural gas as a key
UNU-WIDER - , 2020

Plastics are universal and integrated into different sectors of the economy. Industrial policy requires countries to look at moving up the value chain and producing progressively more sophisticated products to contribute to improved economic development. The input materials that are used for...

– Promises and pitfalls of tradable services in Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

There is growing recognition around the world that tradable services can play a valuable role in economic development. Africa is no exception, with the need for multiple routes to growth, particularly vis-à-vis the COVID-19 pandemic. Tradable services — business activities that...

– The distribution of household wealth in South Africa
Aroop Chatterjee, Léo Czajka, Amory Gethin - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa is, by most contemporary measures, the most unequal country in the world. Yet, relatively little attention has been given to country’s wealth inequality. It is crucial to accurately measure the concentration of wealth inequality over time, identify the root causes of the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from tax administrative data
Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris, Junior T. Chiweza - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the relationship between monetary policy and wealth inequality in South Africa. We employed a unique database of tax administrative data which allowed us to account for individual heterogeneity. These tax data span from 2011 to 2017 and include over 3 million individual...

Working Paper pdf
– A Markov-switching approach
Gabriel Temesgen Woldu - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper empirically examines South Africa’s fiscal sustainability through a Markov-switching model which utilizes quarterly datasets for the period from 1960 to 2019. The results show that public debt responds positively, demonstrating a sustainable fiscal policy. Furthermore,...

Working Paper pdf
Katleho Makatjane, Roscoe van Wyk - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Exchange rate volatility is said to exemplify the economic health of a country. Exchange rate break points (known as structural breaks) have a momentous impact on the macroeconomy of a country. Nonetheless, this country study makes use of both unsupervised and supervised machine learning...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of BRICS
Goodness C. Aye - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As the world battles with the triple problems of social, economic, and environmental challenges, it has become important to focus both policy and research efforts on these. Therefore, this study examines the effect of wealth inequality on CO2 emissions in five emerging economies: Brazil, Russia,...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Zambia and South Africa
Mwanda Phiri, Shimukunku Manchishi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The successful use of special economic zones as economic tools for export-led industrial development in East Asia propelled a wave of similar initiatives across Africa. In Southern Africa, Zambia and South Africa instituted special economic zones in their respective legal and institutional...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy affects the real economy through various channels, including the interest rate, exchange rate, credit, and asset price channels. The credit channel has recently received considerable attention. Small firms are more sensitive to changes in interest rates. Small firms which...

Working Paper pdf
– Investigating the potential of spatial network effects in service delivery for reducing stunting in orphans
Grace Bridgman - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Stunted growth in early life has serious implications for children and is a well-established constraint to productivity, life expectancy, and cognitive development. This paper evaluates the relative contributions of household resources and public service delivery in reducing the orphan-...

Working Paper pdf
Heinrich Bohlmann, Rod Crompton - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper adds quantitative analysis to the study by Crompton et al. (2020), in which various alternative regulatory arrangements regarding the petrol price in South Africa were explored. We use a multi-sector dynamic computable general equilibrium model for South Africa to conduct our...

Working Paper pdf
Liako Mofo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Plastics are ubiquitous across the region and play an important role in multiple industries. Most plastic products are based on a value chain that is grounded in petroleum refining, posing an environmental challenge. Plastic manufacturing in South Africa suffers from the high cost of polymers as...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from South Africa
Caio Torres Mazzi, Gideon Ndubuisi, Elvis Avenyo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using the South African Revenue Service and National Treasury firm-level panel data for 2009–17, this paper investigates how global value chain-related trade affects the export performance of manufacturing firms in South Africa. In particular, the paper uses extant classifications of...

Displaying 16 of 366 results.