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South Africa

Publications (396)

Working Paper pdf
– A narrative analysis
Tumisang Loate, Romain Houssa, Nicola Viegi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the macroeconomic effect of legislated personal income tax changes in South Africa over the 1996–2019 period. We identify personal income tax shocks using a narrative approach and incorporate these shocks in a proxySVAR model. Our analysis shows that permanent changes...

Working Paper pdf
Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Debt-financed fiscal stimulus programmes directly stimulate aggregate demand through government expenditure or tax cuts, but their effectiveness is highly dependent on direct crowding out of private sector expenditure, spillover effects to the private sector through a higher risk premium on...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Feminist Economics, 2021

This study shows that occupations in South Africa are segregated and stratified by gender. While some women (mostly Black and 'Coloured') overwhelmingly fill low-paying jobs, others (mostly White and Indian/Asian, but also Coloured) tend to fill higher-paying professional positions....

Technical Note pdf
Helen Barnes, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This note has set out several data processes that have been undertaken using the income data in dataset(s) that underpin SAMOD. Section 1 describes various data-cleaning steps that were undertaken when preparing the LCS 2014/15 as an underpinning dataset for SAMOD. Part 2 elaborates on the...

Working Paper pdf
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How does centralized bargaining affect the broader wage structure? And what does this tell us about the (non-)competitive dynamics of such labour markets? I study large contracted wage increases negotiated by centralized bargaining councils in South Africa, using matched employer–employee...

Grace Bridgman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Stunted growth in early life has serious implications for cognitive development and is a well-established constraint to individual productivity and life expectancy. Vulnerability in childhood is highly correlated with stunted growth in many developing countries and is therefore a pressing concern...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison of PITMOD and SAMOD for tax year 2018
Wynnona Steyn, Alexius Sithole, Winile Ngobeni, Eva Muwanga-Zake, Helen Barnes, Michael Noble, David McLennan, Gemma Wright, Katrin Gasior - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore South Africa’s personal income tax system using two microsimulation models. The first, SAMOD, simulates personal income tax and social benefits using a dataset derived from the nationally representative National Income Dynamics Study survey. The second, PITMOD,...

Working Paper pdf
Joshua Budlender, Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We present new evidence on the effects of South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive (ETI), a hiring and employment wage subsidy aimed at reducing youth unemployment. We show that attempts to estimate firm-level treatment effects via conditional difference-in-differences are likely to fail...

Journal Article
– Rapidly increasing top incomes amid low national growth in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Ingrid Woolard - South African Journal of Economics , 2021

Despite South Africa’s need for inclusive economic growth, we find that the top income percentiles continue to diverge from the rest of the income distribution. We compare household survey data and tax data (which, unlike household survey data, includes accurate data for the very rich)...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South African tax administrative and products data
Syden Mishi, Weliswa Matekenya, Leward Jeke, Ronney M. Ncwadi, Roseline T. Karambakuwa - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Enterprise development, especially expansion into export markets, is essential to create employment and unlock growth potential in many economies, including in sub-Saharan Africa. However, both firm and product survival (mainly in the export market) is not sufficiently documented to inform...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South Africa
Brandon Joel Tan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There is a large literature on the minimum wage focused on directly exposed firms and geographies. This paper provides new evidence that the minimum wage has significant spillover effects on firms exposed to the minimum wage indirectly via firm supply chains. Using administrative firm-level...

Background Note pdf
– The South African experience
Amina Ebrahim, Aalia Cassim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

  Introduction: data for development Globally, one of the key factors associated with increasing use of data to inform policy-making has been the increased availability of new administrative data sources. In 2014, the National Treasury of South Africa (NT) pioneered the development of...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Kerr - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Overall income inequality in South Africa is very high, and inequality generated in the labour market is a key driver of inequality. In this paper, I use the Post-Apartheid Labour Market Series, the General Household Surveys, and administrative tax microdata to describe earnings inequality in...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of trade credit
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, Wei Sun - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the role of trade credit in enhancing the resilience of financially constrained firms from 2010 to 2017. Implicit borrowing in trade finance allows financially constrained firms to bridge the financing gap, expand employment by 8.26 per cent, and increase average firm profits...

Working Paper pdf
– An impulse response analysis by local projections for South Africa
Serena Merrino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to assess South Africa’s fiscal multiplier across different states of the economy, with a focus on the financial accelerator mechanism of fiscal policy shocks, by estimating impulse response functions from both linear and non-linear local projections. The model...

Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia - News24, 2021 - Cape Town, South Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic delivered a devastating economic shock to livelihoods across the world. In Cape Town, it has been toughest on those who had just found a way to keep their heads above water, living on the fringes of urban society. The COVID-19 lockdown in South Africa was one of the...

Displaying 16 of 396 results.