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South Africa

Publications (114)

Working Paper pdf
– A firm-level analysis
Marco Carreras, Purnachandar Dachapalli, Giulia Mascagni - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the relationship between the corporate income tax burden and firm size in South Africa using a panel dataset from companies’ tax returns. We find that medium-sized companies are experiencing the lowest effective tax rate, while the smallest companies are facing the highest...

Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

It’s early July and I’m back in Maputo, Mozambique, looking over the calm sea at the boats that fish the waters for the seafood that makes visiting this part of Africa such a treat. The sunset here is a delicate combination of pale turquoise, light grey, and warm pink. Coming from the...

Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Engagement is needed at all levels to address ongoing inequality faced in South Africa. This was the primary aim of a recent policy seminar in Pretoria, organized through the framework of the Mandela Initiative and partners, including UNU-WIDER. The idea of the gathering was to engage a group...

Working Paper pdf
Mulalo Mamburu - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditionally, much of the research on economic growth drivers has been focused on small and medium enterprises. In recent years the academic focus on small businesses has shifted to a particular group of firms that are interesting from an economic growth and policy development perspective,...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates progress in reducing the high level of racial stratification of occupations after apartheid in South Africa. Empirical analysis, using census microdata and Labour Force Surveys, does not provide strong evidence of sustained or significant desegregation. Occupations...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from African nuclear households in South Africa
Olivier Bargain, Prudence Kwenda, Miracle Ntuli - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper applies recent developments in collective model estimation to elicit the household resource sharing rule, i.e. the amount of household resources accruing to fathers, mothers, and their children among African families in South Africa. We use the 2010/11 South African Income and...

– Data, research, and improved policymaking in South Africa
James Stewart - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Policymakers often work in the dark, as they try to make real impact on people’s lives. If you don’t have good data, being worked on by good researchers, it can be hard to know whether efforts are truly making a difference. In South Africa one key area where data and evidence have...

– Growing the animal-feed-to-poultry regional value chain
Tamara Paremoer, Simon Roberts - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2016 the South African poultry sector faced intense pressure from two sides in the form of much higher input costs and increased imports of low-priced chicken from the European Union and the USA. Poultry firms have called for increased protection against imports. Instead of taking a short-term...

James Stewart - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Racial wage inequality and discrimination have pervaded South African society for centuries. Apartheid legislation cemented these disparities by institutionalizing white job reservation and many other unfair practices. While racial wage gaps started to decline towards the end of apartheid in...

– What role has the Employment Tax Incentive played?
Itumeleng Makgetla - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa has some of the highest rates of joblessness in the world and youth unemployment is particularly severe. Roughly two in five young South Africans who want work cannot find it, according to labour force surveys. The South African government has introduced numerous policies to help...

Working Paper pdf
– Competition in road transportation of perishable goods between Malawi, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Thando Vilakazi, Anthea Paelo - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Rapid urbanization and rising income levels in Southern Africa have increased the consumption of perishable and processed food products. This paper relies primarily on firm-level interview data to assess competition and bottlenecks in transporting time-sensitive perishable products across borders...

Working Paper pdf
– Political economy, trade, and policy environment
Taku Fundira, Giles Henley - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Expansion of biofuels production and consumption at the regional and national levels relies on both supportive energy prices and policy interventions. Despite enthusiasm for policy interventions to stimulate biofuel production in Southern African countries in the mid-2000s, the years since have...

Working Paper pdf
– Competition in road transportation between Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Thando Vilakazi, Anthea Paelo - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Efficient transport links are critical to enhancing the integration of markets in Southern Africa. This paper assesses the structure of markets, competition, and prices and costs of road transportation between urban hubs in Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Key findings...

Working Paper pdf
Bruno Merven, Channing Arndt, Harald Winkler - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents some methodological improvements made to the linked SATIM–eSAGE energy-economy-environment modelling framework for analysing energy and climate policy in South Africa. The improvements include the linking of the households and the other economic sectors of the eSAGE...

Working Paper pdf
Tara Caetano, Bruno Merven - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Developed as well as developing countries will have to increase their ambition relative to their stated Nationally Determined Contributions to limit global temperature increases to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. South Africa’s Nationally Determined Contribution, in line with national...

Working Paper pdf
Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The ‘affordability’ of new or expanded social protection programmes depends on more than an assessment of the fiscal costs or the poverty-reducing or developmental benefits. Diverse international organizations have shown that programmes costing less than or about 1 per cent of GDP...

Displaying 16 of 114 results.