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Publications (401)

Kunal Sen, Anustup Kundu - , 2023 - London, UK

In recent decades, India has experienced rapid economic growth alongside radical affirmative action programs enacted since independence. This column explores what we know about the impact on social mobility. While there is some evidence of educational mobility, occupational mobility has not...

Working Paper pdf
– A systematic literature review
Simone Schotte, Tharcisio Leone, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a systematic review of quantitative literature investigating the success of affirmative action policies in addressing socio-economic inequalities between ethnic groups in education and employment. We focus on two of the most influential national experiences: caste-based...

Journal Article
– Industrial aspirations and reverse labour migration
Alessandra Mezzadri, Kaustav Banerjee - Journal of South Asian Development, 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic has escalated processes of labour transition from industrial work to the informal economy, which have always characterized the life of the working poor. This study explores this kind of reverse transition, that is, when the Lewisian dream of having an industrial job...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from India
Vinitha Varghese - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

I study the impact of school consolidation on enrolment and achievement, using its staggered roll-out in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Across the years 2014, 2016, and 2017, Rajasthan merged many of its grade 1–5 schools with grade 6–10 schools to create grade 1–10 ‘model...

Marty Chen - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Ela Ramesh Bhatt, the founder of the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) of India, passed away on 2 November 2022. Known as the ‘gentle revolutionary’, Ela-ben (as she is affectionately known) is recognized around the world for her Gandhian values, visionary ideals,...

Working Paper pdf
Shreyasee Das, Shatanjaya Dasgupta - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the impact of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake on age at marriage and other assortative matching outcomes. Using the 2004–05 wave of the India Human Development Survey and employing a difference-in-differences strategy, we document that the earthquake reduced the age at...

Working Paper pdf
– Past and present
Zoya Hasan - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper examines the existing state of reservations, more specifically, reservation policies and reservations for government jobs for the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in India. It discusses the progression and ramifications of these policies and how they have affected the democratization of...

Working Paper pdf
– A case of domestic workers in Delhi
Deepita Chakravarty, Nandini Nayak - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Studies on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic have demonstrated that poor women have been the worst sufferers in terms of pay cuts and job losses. Women are the hardest hit also at the household level. They have to bear the brunt of constrained household budgets and have also encountered...

Working Paper pdf
Mrinalini Jha, Rahul Lahoti - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on income levels, poverty, and inequality in both the immediate aftermath and during the uneven recovery until December 2021 using high-frequency household survey data from India. We find that the average household incomes dropped sharply...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from India
Vinitha Varghese - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

I evaluate the impact of the right to education from the passing of the Right to Education Act in India in 2009. This Act guaranteed free education to children aged 6–14 years, including children with disabilities. Given that the school participation deficit associated with disability is...

Working Paper pdf
– Interrogating capacity and response to COVID-19 in West Bengal
Zaad Mahmood, Achin Chakraborty - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

COVID-19 has brought to the fore the issue of state preparedness in mitigating health emergencies. This paper problematizes the received wisdom of greater state capacity in mitigating the severity of the pandemic. Based on a case study of West Bengal, a subnational state of India, it shows...

Working Paper pdf
Kiruba Munusamy - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The affirmative action policy in India came into practice because of the generations of struggle undergone by the untouchable castes and other backward classes, who were historically excluded from education and administration. As society changed, it was inevitable that the vulnerable groups who...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from India
Chandan Jain, Shagun Kashyap, Rahul Lahoti, Soham Sahoo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Although formal education is often considered an indicator of political leaders’ quality, the evidence on the effectiveness of educated leaders is mixed. Besides, minimum education qualifications are increasingly being used as requirements for contesting elections, making it critical to...

Working Paper pdf
– Guidelines for NEP implementation
Naveen Kumar, Vinitha Varghese - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the state of elementary education in India and China since the 1960s, key lessons for India from China’s shift in focus from ‘quantity’ to ‘quality’, and evidence-based guidelines for effective implementation of India’s New Education Policy...

Working Paper pdf
– Uttar Pradesh’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic
Indrajit Roy - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

A rich and growing literature illustrates the paradox of COVID-19 responses by governments across the world. States with higher levels of authority and capacity have struggled to respond effectively to COVID-19, while states with low capacity and authority have been more effective in containing...

Displaying 16 of 401 results.