WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

Staffan Lindberg’s keynote address is a wake-up call

In introducing Staffan Lindberg’s keynote at the WIDER Development Conference, UNU-WIDER Senior Research Fellow and political scientist Rachel Gisselquist says that the COVID-19 pandemic is linked to new restrictions on rights and freedoms at a time when experts have been warning about the decline of democracy for over a decade. Dr. Lindberg is one such expert, a democracy scholar, professor of political science, and the director of the V-Dem Institute at the Department of...

Wasted talent – How COVID-19’s effect on the poor could make all of society poorer

Unsplash / Mwesigwa Joel
The opening keynote of the recent WIDER Development Conference, COVID-19 and development – effects and new realities for the Global South, was given by Oriana Bandiera, Sir Anthony Atkinson Professor of Economics at the London School of Economics, an accomplished economist with several awards under her belt, including the recent EEA Arrow Award. Her research passion is to understand the allocation of talent in the labour market. How relationships and incentives shape choices, and how...

Global inequality may be falling, but the gap between haves and have-nots is growing

In one of the most unequal countries in the world, South Africa, the poorest 40% have annual incomes of less than US$1,000 (£727) per person. The comparable incomes for the richest 10% are more than US$39,000 per person – nearly 40 times higher than those of the bottom 40%. Those numbers, which are based on data from 2017, are actually something of an improvement on 2008, when the multiple was 50 times. But the gap in income between these groups grew by more than US$10,000 per...

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Blog
Helping the poor to survive lockdown

The Hrishipara Daily Diaries Project has been tracking the daily spending of 60 poor households in rural Bangladesh for the last six years...

COVID-19 Lockdown Livelihoods
Blog
India’s manufacturing and services value-chains are shifting South: A curse or a blessing?
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Much has been written on India as an outlier in Global Value Chains (GVC)...

Structural transformation Manufacturing Global value chains
Blog
Grandads, dads, and sons: Examining multigenerational mobility in India

While studies have examined the association in socioeconomic status between parent and offspring, there has been relatively little research on multigenerational mobility, especially in the developing country context...

Social mobility Inequality Education
Blog
Stunted growth, orphans, and access to sanitation services in South Africa

Stunted growth in early life has serious implications for cognitive development and is a well-established constraint to individual productivity and life expectancy...

Child wellbeing Child nutrition South Africa
Blog
A summer reading list of our latest papers, articles, and books

At the UNU-WIDER offices here in Helsinki, Finland, the summer holidays are almost upon us. Looking at the list of new UNU-WIDER publications, it is easy to see how much we accomplished this past year, despite the many constraints faced...

Inequality Gender equality Gender inequality
Research Brief
Será o Ensino Técnico-Profissional (ETP) uma solução para o desemprego jovem?: Dinâmica da transição ensino-emprego dos finalistas do ETP em Moçambique June 2021

O Ensino Técnico-Profissional (ETP) é frequentemente visto como uma solução milagrosa que resolve questões que vão desde o desemprego juvenil até à mudança estrutural relacionada com o me...

Mozambique Education policy Employment
Research Brief
Is technical and vocational education and training a solution for youth unemployment?: The dynamics of school-to-work transition of TVET graduates in Mozambique June 2021

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is often seen as a silver bullet resolving issues ranging from youth unemployment to labour market-related structural change...

Mozambique Education policy Employment
Blog
Long-term research in Tanzania sheds light on the reasons rural households diversify their income

Researchers and policymakers have long asked whether rural households in Africa diversify their income to spread risk or by seizing opportunities to increase their earning potential...

Blog
Why countries best placed to handle the pandemic appear to have fared the worst

During the first year of the pandemic, it was wealthier countries, with their comparatively stronger health systems, civil services, legal systems and other public services, that suffered the highest rates of COVID-19...

COVID-19 Pandemic State
Policy Brief
The economic gains of reducing the employment gender gap in Morocco June 2021

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, including Morocco, currently record the lowest rates of female labour force participation (FLFP) in the world...

Female labour force participation Gender gap Employment
Blog
Mozambique's difficult decade: Three lessons to inform next steps

At the start of the last decade, Mozambique’s prospects looked stellar...

Foreign Direct Investment Foreign investments Natural resource management
Blog
Do resource rich economies have better or worse human development outcomes?

Although increasingly challenged , we often hear that being resource rich can adversely affect growth prospects...

Blog
Ethnic diversity and informal employment in Ghana

Informal activities are widespread in many developing countries. In many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries informal economic activities account for more than one-third of economic output and more than two-thirds of employment...

Ethnic diversity Inequalities Informality
Blog
Precarious employment for youth in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia

Youth (those aged 15–29) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face notoriously precarious employment prospects...

Labour market outcomes Gender equality; Labour markets Informality
Blog
Precarization or protection? How labour policies influence the effects of globalization on informality

Globalization has generally coincided with a rise in work outside the formal economy, intensifying job precarization — when high-quality, formal jobs that entitle workers to benefits are replaced by jobs which may not comply with regulations an...

Precarity Labour market outcomes Informality
Blog
Over 2 billion workers globally are informal — what should we do about it?

Informality is a pervasive phenomenon in the labour markets of developing countries. Two billion workers, representing 61.2 per cent of the world’s employed population, are in informal employment ...

Informal poor Labour market outcomes Equality and inequality
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