WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

Energy subsidies are bigger than aid in more than half of poor countries … but we spend very little trying to reduce them

by Neil McCulloch
Photo: Peter Mello
Which of the following do you think is the most important need in developing countries?  Free health services for all to reduce child and maternal mortality Universal and decent quality education to provide children with the skills for productive jobs Cheap petrol and electricity Unless you are Scrooge, you are more likely to have chosen one of the first two on this list. Yet my new WIDER Working Paper shows that many developing countries spend far more on the third...

What role for East African hydrocarbons in the global economy post-Paris COP21?

Photo: NASA
Over the past decade significant hydrocarbon discoveries have been made across East Africa. Unsurprisingly, the respective governments countries have been excited about these discoveries, expecting revenue and local economic opportunities to follow suit. However, concerns about the macroeconomic, political, social and environmental risks associated with developing these resources have also been raised. Countries have been advised to avoid common pitfalls and seek guidance on how best to...

Domestic revenue mobilization and the role of data

Government revenues are central to funding public expenditures in all countries. Increasingly, developing countries must look to raise domestic revenue through taxes as they have very large spending needs on human development, education, health, and job creation. All of these are expensive, and aid and private finance alone simply cannot do the job. Furthermore, in order to meet the financing needs of the Sustainable Development Goals countries cannot just rely on external finance. This...

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Blog
A letter from Maputo

It’s early July and I’m back in Maputo, Mozambique, looking over the calm sea at the boats that fish the waters for the seafood that makes visiting this part of Africa such a treat...

WIDER Development Conference
Blog
Quality of routine labor and delivery care in Uttar Pradesh, India: Are private facilities better?
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In India, the percentage of women who delivered in a health facility increased from roughly 35% in 2000 to 79% in 2014 ...

Quality of care SDG3 Health-care
Blog
Building the learning agenda: Spotlight on the Global Learning Laboratory for Quality Universal Health Coverage
Placeholder

Improving the delivery of quality health services is messy! Vast amounts of knowledge and experience is being generated daily...

Health Quality of care SDG3
Blog
GHAMOD launch and training: A tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana

Better social protection coverage and greater benefits in developing countries would certainly be welcomed by many...

Tax-benefit microsimulation GHAMOD SOUTHMOD
Blog
Tax, development and the SDGs: How we are supporting the data revolution

At the core of efforts to meet the Sustainable Development Goals lies a commitment to enhance domestic revenue mobilization. Strengthening capacity to collect tax and other revenue is key for developing countries as they move forward...

Tax Development data
Blog
Measuring outpatient safety at scale: infection prevention and control practices in Kenya

Primum non nocere — first, do no harm. This most basic tenet of medical care is routinely violated in clinics and hospitals around the world today ...

Quality of care Health SDG3
Blog
Taking steps to overcome inequality in South Africa

Engagement is needed at all levels to address ongoing inequality faced in South Africa. This was the primary aim of a recent policy seminar in Pretoria, organized through the framework of the Mandela Initiative and partners, including UNU-WIDER...

Inequality development policy Structural transformation
Blog
Tax, spending, and poverty: An interview with Michael Keen

Michael Keen, Deputy Director of the IMF's Fiscal Affairs Department, will be the keynote speaker at this year’s WIDER Development Conference on Public Economics for Development ...

Blog
Lower exploration spending – another response to the end of the commodity price boom

My previous blog, which you can read here , commented on the manner in which mining companies had been able to respond to the recent decline in metals prices by significantly reducing their costs of production...

Commodity boom Mining Extractives
Blog
Cost reductions as a response to the end of the commodity price boom

The recent publication of the 3rd edition of ICMM’s The Role of Mining in National Economies (hereafter RoMiNE3) provides us with the welcome biennial review of the global situation as it affects the large mining and metals industry...

Commodity boom Mining Extractives
Blog
How are rural households in Viet Nam doing?

Viet Nam has seen major economic shifts which started in the 1980s and continue today. Many strides have been made as the country goes through structural transformation, not least a significant reduction in poverty...

Policy Brief
Tracking rural households through structural transformation: The case of Viet Nam April 2017

The quality and availability of data has become an international priority highlighted by the call for a data revolution in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...

Growth Structural transformation Rural development
Research Brief
The implications of climate change for the extractive industries April 2017

Climate change is one of the most complex and urgent of global issues due to its potential impacts and the policies and measures needed to address those impacts...

Climate change extractives industry Natural resources
Research Brief
Oil in Ghana: How inflated expectations of oil revenues led to a deterioration in macroeconomic management April 2017

Prior to the discovery of oil, Ghana was one of the stars of the ‘Africa rising’ story, with an established track record of macroeconomic stability and fiscal discipline...

Oil Ghana extractives industry
Blog
Microsimulation models for developing countries: An interview with Jukka Pirttilä
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The University of Tampere is participating in an international project in which a microsimulation model is being drafted for the evaluation of the price effects of taxation and the transfer of income in developing countries...

Tax microsimulation Public finance
Blog
Opening the vault: Data, research, and improved policymaking in South Africa

Policymakers often work in the dark, as they try to make real impact on people’s lives. If you don’t have good data, being worked on by good researchers, it can be hard to know whether efforts are truly making a difference...

Tax data firms
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