Expert commentary from our network

Electoral politics and Mexico’s COVID-19 vaccine roll-out

by Emilio Gutiérrez, Jaakko Meriläinen, Antonio M.Ponce de León
Government responsiveness is an integral feature of representative democracy. Its importance could be amplified in times of crisis, especially if citizens cannot rely on market actors for help. Governments can soften the impacts of negative shocks to the status quo, or exponentiate them by their inaction or mistakes. In democracies, one force that steers politicians' choices is the nature of electoral competition. If the electorate rewards or punishes the incumbent's performance...

Tax revenues and tax capacity in sub-Saharan Africa

African countries raise lower amounts of tax as a share of national income (GDP) than other countries. Researchers are interested in understanding why this is the case. Tax performance studies —statistical analyses of factors driving the tax-to-GDP ratio— mainly focus on economic features. For example, poverty and low per capita GDP are associated with low tax revenue. Political factors, and the broader institutional framework of tax policy (loosely termed fiscal capacity), are...

Are autocratic states doomed to weak fiscal capacity?

by Per F. Andersson
How best to increase and mobilize revenue is a key issue that confronts contemporary developing economies, but the same problems were faced —and solved— by today’s developed economies. In my latest WIDER Working Paper, I turn to history to study how strong fiscal states were built during the last two centuries.  An overlooked insight from the historical data is that fiscal capacity is not exclusively the preserve of democracies, but also of non-democratic states....

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Bootcamp for better tax policies in Africa

‘I intend to see a world in which tax policy research is based on evidence, and policy decisions are data-driven.’ This is an aspiration expressed by a participant of the WIDER Winter School 2022 ...

Tax compliance Capacity building Data
Decent work – discussion on working conditions in Helsinki and globally

How committed is Helsinki to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals? The discussion forum at the City Hall on Tuesday addressed one of the goals, namely decent work and economic growth...

Informal economy Decent Work SDG8
Confronting low domestic savings in Africa

What are the linkages between national savings and sustainable economic growth? Why are there differences in the amounts of savings between different countries?...

Informal work Developing countries Domestic savings
Research Brief
The employment and poverty effects of in-work policies in Ecuador June 2022

Governments in low- and middle-income countries face a trade-off between raising tax revenue to strengthen social protection and creating incentives to enter formal employment...

Informal work Child labour Tax revenue
Putting it all together: Highlights from The puzzle of peace

‘Understanding how to sustain peace means understanding conflict itself...

Ukraine: War, energy, and net zero

Just over seven months ago the United Nations convened its 26th Climate Change Conference (COP-26) in Glasgow, with the world nervously emerging from the pandemic...

Ukraine Climate change Extractives
Solving the puzzle of peace: Overcoming the curse of Finland

At The puzzle of peace conference in Helsinki, Adnan Khan, Chief Economist at the UK Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office, lamented what he called the ‘Curse of Finland’...

Can access to finance spur entrepreneurship in Indian informal sector?

Credit constraints, a consequence of the widespread failure of credit markets in developing countries, are widely regarded as a key constraint to entrepreneurship...

India Informality Entrepreneurship
Policy Brief
Boosting mineral revenues in Zambia: Policy options for a sustainable fiscal regime May 2022

This brief provides concrete proposals on how Zambia's government could create a robust fiscal regime to achieve a steady flow of mineral revenue and encourage increased local participation in mining — while ensuring environmental sustainab...

Tanzania Mineral tax Mineral industries
Behind the scenes: Meet our tax-benefit microsimulation team in Viet Nam!

How can Vietnamese policymakers improve their policy choices related to social protection and tax policies? Who are the experts providing evidence on different policy scenarios and their pros and cons to local decision makers?...

Tax-benefit microsimulation Microsimulation Imputation
Seeking asylum from nowhere— how origin shapes the context of reception

Afghanistan is the world’s newest nowhere , a predicament that will shape the evacuation and resettlement prospects for millions of people for the foreseeable future. What does it mean to call Afghanistan a ‘nowhere’?...

Refugees Forced migration Global Governance and Conflict
Do elites capture foreign aid?

Does foreign aid end up in the pockets of elites instead of contributing to inclusive economic development?...

Corruption Foreign aid Wealth inequality
Could the war in Ukraine encourage Western leaders to finally deal with shadow finance?

' I say to the Russian oligarchs and the corrupt leaders who bilked billions of dollars off this violent regime: no more… We are coming for your ill-begotten gains.' – Joe Biden at the 1 March 2022, State of the Union Address One...

From offshore oil to offshore finance: How tax havens facilitate corruption in the extractive industries

In many countries, news of an oil discovery or the award of an exploration license is rarely greeted with enthusiasm by the general public...

Energy Corruption Tax avoidance
The war in Ukraine: Civilian vulnerability, resilience, and resistance

The current and future civilian impacts of the war in Ukraine are immense...

The 2022 energy shock

The price and availability of energy is fundamental to the health of the global economy...

Natural resources Energy resources Armed conflict
Displaying 32 of 1033 results.