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Publications (7356)

– SMEs and access to credit
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

During the last three decades Vietnam has undergone a considerable economic transformation. However, little research has considered the role that financial reform has played in the development of small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). A focus on the financing of SMEs is of particular...

Piotr Lewandowski, Simone Schotte, Albert Park - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The nature of work is changing due to technological progress, globalization, and the rapidly expanding supply of college-educated workers. At a global level, these changes have induced a shift away from lower paying and less productive jobs with routine-intensive tasks toward higher paying and...

Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

After 20 years of contributions to income inequality research, the World Income Inequality Database (the WIID) is getting a new expansion that will greatly strengthen knowledge on inequalities. UNU-WIDER is now working to produce a user-friendly companion database to the classic WIID that will...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Much work has been done on inequality in South Africa, but to date the literature that assesses the dynamic response of income or wealth distribution to economic policy actions is almost non-existent. This information gap is caused by data shortcomings that make it difficult to provide accurate...

– What kind of firms employ young people in South Africa?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

According to South Africa’s National Development Plan Vision 2030, serious action needs to be taken to reduce poverty and encourage economic growth. One of the main challenges involves reducing the unemployment rates in South Africa, particularly among youth. In South Africa, young...

– The impact on equality in South Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of medical deductions and medical credits on income inequality is a subject of discussion in South Africa, as well as in many other countries, raising critical questions about the fairness of the medical tax system and the impact on affordability for the poor. An in-depth analysis of...

– Introducing the Government Revenue Dataset 2020
Kyle McNabb - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Thanks to the updated version of the Government Revenue Dataset (GRD) we are now able to gain a clear picture of tax and other revenue trends in over 190 countries over the past four decades, now up until 2018. The GRD remains the most complete source of cross-country revenue data available...

Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Professor Patricia Justino is a leading expert on the links between political violence and economic development. Her work has greatly expanded knowledge about the intersection between poverty, food insecurity, and conflict.  Since the beginning of history, humanity has faced a vicious...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The transformation of Asia’s education and health systems over the last 50 years has been breathtaking and unprecedented in human history. There are some central features of this transformation that clearly stand out. Over the last 50 years, all Asian countries have been able to...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Assessing the short-term impact on consumption and poverty of the 2015 flood in Mozambique
Vincenzo Salvucci, Ricardo Santos - Ecological Economics, 2020

Mozambique is among the most disaster-prone countries in the world. A bigger than usual, and mostly unexpected, flood occurred in the central-northern region of the country in the first few months of 2015, causing huge damage to infrastructures.  In this study, we use a nationally...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Kristi Mahrt, Andrea Rossi, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - Child Indicators Research, 2020

We analyse the multidimensional wellbeing of children aged 0–17 in Mozambique and find that 46.3% can be considered multidimensionally poor.  A substantial divide exists between urban and rural areas and between northern and southern provinces. We compare Mozambican children’s...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Method and Evidence from Micro-Data
Niels Johannesen, Thomas Torslov, Ludvig Wier - The World Bank Economic Review, 2020

This study uses a global dataset with information about 210,000 corporations in 142 countries to investigate whether tax avoidance by multinational firms is more prevalent in less-developed countries. The paper proposes a novel approach to studying cross-border profit shifting, which has...

Working Paper pdf
Sènakpon Fidèle A. Dedehouanou, Didier Y. Alia - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study uses detailed household-level data to analyse off-farm self-employment dynamics in Mali and Niger. It adds to the literature that acknowledges the existence of heterogeneities in informal work and the body of evidence on informal self-employment in fragile and conflict-affected...

Working Paper pdf
Bjørn Bo Sørensen, Christian Estmann, Enilde Francisco Sarmento, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique is among the world’s least complex economies. By systematically accounting for both supply- and demand-side factors, we identify new products and sectors that can help to diversify and upgrade its economy. In a supply-side analysis, we use network methods from the literature...

Working Paper pdf
– Is it meeting its intended objectives?
Rod Crompton, Midesh Sing, Vernon Filter, Nonhlanhla Msimango - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The South African liquid fuels industry is a significant part of the economy. Historically, government policy focused on import substitution industrialization to support industry margins. This approach is called into question by the 2006 shift from net exports to imports and by inflated...

Working Paper pdf
Nathan Barker, C. Austin Davis, Paula López-Peña, Harrison Mitchell, A. Mushfiq Mobarak, Karim Naguib, Maira Emy Reimão, Ashish Shenoy, Corey Vernot - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using detailed microdata, we document how migration-dependent households are especially vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic. We create pre- and post-COVID panel datasets for three populations in Bangladesh and Nepal, leveraging experimental and observational variation in prior migration...

Displaying 48 of 7356 results.