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Publications (8060)

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring scalability through targeted versus universalist approaches
Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

With the expansion of social protection measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, considerations both old and new have surfaced regarding targeted versus universalist approaches. This study focuses on how social protection coverage before the pandemic influences the extent of targeted versus...

Working Paper pdf
Vincenzo Bove, Jessica Di Salvatore, Leandro Elia, Roberto Nisticò - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Armed conflict can shape reproductive behaviour as high child mortality and a lack of health services lead to higher fertility rates. Yet women often postpone childbearing in expectation of better times. Given the theoretical ambiguity, the extant empirical evidence is often inconclusive. As a...

Working Paper pdf
David Rodríguez, H. Xavier Jara, Mariana Dondo, Cristina Arancibia, David Macas, Rebeca Riella, Joana Urraburu, Linda Llamas, Luis Huesca, Javier Torres, Rodrigo Chang - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic drastically affected household incomes around the world. In developed economies, pre-pandemic tax–benefit policies and emergency transfers mitigated to a large extent the negative income shock. However, less is known about the effect of government intervention on...

Working Paper pdf
– Individual impacts of the Employment Tax Incentive
Amina Ebrahim, Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses survey and tax administrative data to analyse the effects of a sizeable employer-borne payroll tax credit for young, low-wage workers in South Africa. We find limited impact of the wage subsidy on employment of young, low-wage workers relative to two comparison groups: slightly...

Working Paper pdf
– Consequences for donor interventions
Mathieu Cloutier, Hodan Hassan, Deborah Isser, Gaël Raballand - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Building on a World Bank regional study in Africa aiming at measuring social contracts concepts and within the framework of reflecting on future donor interventions, this paper applies social contracts measurement and complements with qualitative assessments in Somalia. This paper uses the...

Working Paper pdf
– An analysis of the aggregate welfare effect of aid fungibility
Zunera Rana, Dirk-Jan Koch - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we explore the relationship between foreign aid fungibility and aggregate welfare. Using panel data from 35 low-income and lower-middle-income countries, we first check the presence of sectoral aid fungibility in our sample and find evidence for it. We then use econometric methods...

Working Paper pdf
Ludvig Wier, Gabriel Zucman - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper constructs time series of global profit shifting covering the 2015–19 period, during which major international efforts were implemented to curb profit shifting. We find that (i) multinational profits grew faster than global profits, (ii) the share of multinational profits...

Working Paper pdf
– Challenges and opportunities for sub-Saharan Africa
Abel Gwaindepi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Effective domestic revenue mobilization has gained renewed urgency, especially in the light of the need to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic. In taxation debates, the ‘informal sectors’ have hitherto been assumed to be a part of the problem and implicitly mistaken for lucrative tax...

Working Paper pdf
– Past and present
Zoya Hasan - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper examines the existing state of reservations, more specifically, reservation policies and reservations for government jobs for the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in India. It discusses the progression and ramifications of these policies and how they have affected the democratization of...

Journal Article
Ludvig Wier, Hayley Erasmus - IMF Economic Review, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  |  Globally, the largest 0.001 per cent of frms earn one-third of all corporate profts. Nonetheless, there is little understanding of how proft shifting difers across frm size. Using the universe of South African corporate tax returns and global...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Exploring a puzzling relationship in the early stages of the pandemic
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Andrea Vaccaro - Journal of International Development, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  |  During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, it was wealthier countries with stronger institutions that suffered the highest numbers of cases and fatalities. Many weaker countries were instead praised for more effective pandemic response. What...

Blog
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Early in October 2022, international and Colombian researchers gathered together for three days at the UNIANDES campus, located at the foot of the impressive Monserrate in Bogotá, Colombia. They were there to discuss their latest advances in inequality research. This was the second...

Blog
Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governments financed more than 5000 fiscal support policies worldwide in 2020–21. The pandemic response is an example of how governments react to a major covariate shock —an often unforeseen shock with adverse effects on populations and major...

Blog
Timothy Shipp - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

For several decades, UNU-WIDER has actively worked on pathfinding and groundbreaking research on inequalities. We host one of the most extensive collections of income inequality statistics in the world freely available and updated annually. I have written previously about how the institute was...

Blog
Emily Rains, Anirudh Krishna - GlobalDev.org and UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Manchester, United Kingdom

Developing countries will be predominantly urban by 2030. While urbanization is historically associated with development and broad-based social mobility, its effects on social mobility in cities of the Global South are more variable and less uniformly optimistic. Improving lives for the urban...

Blog
Patricia Justino, Kit Rickard - Economics Observatory, 2022 - United Kingdom

Russia’s war in Ukraine may reach a stalemate as neither side appears in reach of a military victory. Unless a settlement can be agreed, a frozen conflict may emerge, which will delay economic recovery in Ukraine. This will also extend the cost of living crisis around the world. In...

Displaying 48 of 8060 results.