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Publications (7674)

Lant Pritchett - Lant Pritchett, 2021

The tragedy for the Afghan people of the Taliban re-taking control of the country in August 2021 is the denouement of a process 20 years in the making. The sudden collapse of the Afghan government and the national security forces over the course of a few days is not a “surprise” to...

– What difference do they make?
Abrams M.E. Tagem, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The socioeconomic fallout from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has brought to the fore discussions on domestic resource mobilization (hereafter DRM). Raising domestic taxes has monopolized policy attention, however, given the attendant and ensuing needs in developing countries, raising savings...

– Research recommendations to improve policies
Maria Jouste, Tina Kaidu Barugahara, Nicholas Musoke - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How can we determine the taxation of wage earners or multinational corporations in a fair manner? Will simplifying tax administration help increase tax compliance in a low-income country context? In this blog, we highlight several policy recommendations arising from our collaborative research...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic
Wim Naudé, Ricardo Vinuesa - Big Data & Society, 2021

This study draws lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic for the relationship between data-driven decision making and global development. The lessons are that: (i) users should keep in mind the shifting value of data during a crisis, and the pitfalls its use can create; (ii) predictions...

Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How can we ensure a resilient and inclusive recovery from COVID-19? How can we hold on to the target of eradicating poverty and hunger by 2030, with the pandemic still ongoing? I recently had the opportunity to participate as a lead discussant at the UN DESA expert group meeting with many...

Risto Rönkkö, Stuart Rutherford, Kunal Sen - Project Syndicate, 2021

The Hrishipara Daily Diaries Project has been tracking the daily spending of 60 poor households in rural Bangladesh for the last six years. Analysis of the data collected – especially the changes to spending patterns that have occurred during the pandemic – reveals four areas where...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Ghana
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Ernest Owusu Boakye, Solomon Owusu - Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2021

Using household data from the latest wave of the Ghana Living Standards Survey, this paper utilizes machine learning techniques – IV LASSO – that allows for the treatment of unconfoundedness in the selection of observables and unobservables to examine the structural effect of gender...

Working Paper pdf
Dragan Filipovich, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Alma Santillán Hernández - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Voter coercion is a recurrent threat to pro-poor redistribution in young democracies. In this study we focus on Mexico’s paradigmatic Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. We investigate whether local mayors exploited POP to coerce voters, and if so, what effect these actions had...

Working Paper pdf
Ricardo Santos, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper builds on a longitudinal school-to-work transition phone survey experiment to quantify the effects on attrition of communicating with participants. Specifically, we study the impact of sending topically relevant information on job market conditions via SMS at the start of each survey...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín, Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We revisit trends in within-country income inequality using a newly integrated dataset that covers at least 70 per cent of the global population since 1980. We investigate absolute and relative inequality trends across the past four decades, combining the use of Lorenz curves with a set of...

Working Paper pdf
– Receiving more, expecting less?
Prisca Jöst, Ellen Lust - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Are candidates who hand out clientelistic goods at election time less likely to provide services once they take office? This paper examines the poor’s expectations of future service provision by candidates who hand out money and other goods versus those who do not. We hypothesize that the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a top university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Peers play an essential role in cognitive and non-cognitive skills formation. Ordinal rank may also change incentives and environment, impacting students’ efforts. Using two rich administrative data sets and a rule of admission at one top university in Brazil, we apply a regression...

Working Paper pdf
– The Mozambican case
António S. Cruz, Ines A. Ferreira, Johnny Flentø, Finn Tarp, Mariam Umarji - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

At independence in 1975, the Frelimo government took over public administration from the colonial system and started to transform it. The public financial management (PFM) system was adapted to the central planning and management of the economy in line with nationalist and Marxist-Leninist...

Working Paper pdf
João Z. Carrilho, Ines A. Ferreira, Rui N. Ribeiro, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores agricultural performance of Mozambique, its institutional weaknesses, and the underlying factors that underpin an unsatisfactory performance during many decades. We point to the role of systemic political instability and violence combined with challenges to state legitimacy...

Working Paper pdf
– Imputing employment income in Tanzania and Zambia
David McLennan, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright, Helen Barnes, Faith Masekesa - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The quality of data on employment income is explored using Tanzanian and Zambian household survey datasets. The extent of missing and implausible income data is assessed and four different methods are applied to impute missing or implausible values. The four imputation methods are also applied...

Working Paper pdf
Khoa Vu, Paul Glewwe - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite a sizeable literature on the labour market effects of maternity leave regulations on women in developed countries, how these policies affect women’s work in developing countries with a large informal sector remains poorly understood. This study examines how extending the...

Displaying 48 of 7674 results.