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Publications (51)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Takaaki Masaki - World Development, 2018

Do intergovernmental transfers reduce revenues collected by local government authorities (LGAs)? There is already a well-established body of literature in public finance, which argues that intergovernmental grants “crowd out” local revenues. Most existing studies, however, explore the...

– What can be done?
Alan R. Roe - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In the second part of this blog, Alan R. Roe discusses what is known about the informational failures that pose challenges for governments in projecting revenues from extractive industries. Read the first part here.  Important new light has been thrown on information gaps faced by...

Working Paper pdf
Pia Rattenhuber, Maria Jouste - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We use four novel, cross-country comparable tax-benefit microsimulation models for Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania, and South Africa to evaluate ex ante the expansion of a universal old-age pension in a static setting. Universal pensions would significantly reduce poverty and inequality in settings in...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in Tanzania
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Does self-serving elite behaviour make citizens more politically active? This paper presents the results of a randomized field experiment where voters in Tanzania were given information about elite use of tax havens. Information provided in a neutral form had no effect on voting intentions....

Working Paper pdf
Ninja Ritter Klejnstrup, Joel Silas Lincoln - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this study, we assess formal education as a causal determinant of women’s malaria preventive behaviour, as well as children’s risk of malaria infection. For identification, we rely on exogenous variation in educational attainment generated by educational reforms during the 1970s...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of four African countries
Valérie Bérenger - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the levels and evolution of poverty in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe using the decomposability properties of poverty measures based on a counting approach. We compare poverty measures such as the Alkire and Foster index with alternative poverty indices that...

Working Paper pdf
– On the cultural origins of violence against women
Vincent Leyaro, Pablo Selaya, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the roots of violence against women, and propose that it partly originates in cultural norms that derive from (a) characteristics of the traditional subsistence problem in different societies, and (b) differences in the sexual division of labor for solving that problem in each society...

Working Paper pdf
Kasper Brandt, Longinus Rutasitara, Onesmo Selejio, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the link between entrepreneurship and child human capital development. We specifically examine how operating a non-farm enterprise (NFE) as opposed to working in agriculture relates to child labour and schooling outcomes. Accounting for time-invariant unobservable...

Working Paper pdf
– Structural change or just big numbers?
Alan R. Roe - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper extends UNU-WIDER Working Paper 2016/79, which examined the economic situation in Tanzania during the resurgence of gold and diamond production after 1999, with the situation that emerged as the country began to exploit its very large resources of natural gas mainly from the Indian...

Working Paper pdf
Jehovaness Aikaeli, Thomas Markussen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We use household survey data to investigate the effects of formal, private property rights to agricultural land on agricultural investment, land valuation and access to credit in Tanzania. Results show that while there are no detectable effects of formal, private land property rights (written...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Katarina Juselius, Abdulaziz Reshid, Finn Tarp - Journal of Development Studies, 2017

Part of Journal Special Issue Macroeconomic Perspectives on Aid

Working Paper pdf
Margaret E Kruk, Adanna Chukwuma, Godfrey Mbaruku, Hannah H. Leslie - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Objective: To analyse factors affecting variations in the observed quality of antenatal and sick-child care in primary-care facilities in seven African countries. Methods: We pooled nationally representative data from service provision assessment surveys of health facilities in Kenya, Malawi,...

Working Paper pdf
– Experimental evidence from Tanzania
Charlotte Ringdal, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies whether increasing the wife’s bargaining power results in couples allocating more resources to their child, and, if so, what the underlying mechanisms for this are. We conduct a novel between-subject lab experiment in Tanzania, in which we vary the relative bargaining...

Report pdf
– TAZMOD v1.0
Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright, David McLennan - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents TAZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Tanzania. This work was carried out by University of Dar es Salaam in collaboration with the project partners in the scope of the SOUTHMOD project. The results presented in this report are derived using TAZMOD version 1.0 running...

Working Paper pdf
– The possibilities and the realities
Olle Östensson, Anton Löf - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper discusses the practical possibilities of achieving increased downstream processing and the policies that are commonly used for this purpose. It reviews the reasons why forward vertical integration is not always an optimal choice for extractive industry companies. It finds little support...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from rural Tanzania
Kacana Sipangule - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The last decade has witnessed an increase in the interest in agricultural land in developing countries. While a great deal of attention has been paid to understanding the impacts of this increased interest in agricultural land, very little is known about how local smallholder communities are...

Displaying 16 of 51 results.