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Publications (155)

Milla Nyyssölä - , 0

Researchers and policymakers have long asked whether rural households in Africa diversify their income to spread risk or by seizing opportunities to increase their earning potential. Long-term research in Tanzania shows that diversification is more often a choice rather than a necessity, with the...

Working Paper pdf
Kwadwo Opoku, Francisco M.P. Mugizi, Emmanuel Adu Boahen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses the latest Tanzania labour force survey—the Integrated Labour Force Survey—and a censored bivariate probit model to analyse gender differences in labour force participation and gender bias in formal wage employment in urban Tanzania. Our findings indicate that,...

Working Paper pdf
Maureen Were, Maureen Odongo, Caroline Israel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Although Tanzania has made notable progress in enhancing access to financial services, the gender gap in financial inclusion persists. This paper examines gender disparities in financial inclusion in Tanzania using descriptive and regression analyses. While the advent of mobile phone money...

Oliver Morrissey, Milla Nyyssölä, Ralitza Dimova - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Diversifying income sources is an important livelihood strategy for households in low-income countries. Having several sources of income helps in increasing total income, and in spreading the risks. New findings on the benefits of income diversification from Tanzanian households can inform policy...

Josaphat Kweka, Julian Boys, Amrita Saha - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The private sector and enterprises have a key role to play in the development of the Tanzanian economy. This Policy Brief provides insights and solutions that could offer business sectors the vital policy support that they need to develop and grow. Linkages with large firms provide a...

Working Paper pdf
– Application of a structural gravity model
Vincent Leyaro - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

By measuring the effects of forming and joining a regional integration bloc using an augmented structural gravity model, this paper finds that the East African Community (EAC) and EAC Customs Union have significantly enhanced Tanzanian trade into EAC markets. Kenya has continued to be the main...

Working Paper pdf
– Facilitating inclusion, organization, and rights for street vendors
Ilona Steiler, Chediel Nyirenda - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In spite of having some intensive national strategies to address poverty, Tanzania lacks a coherent national strategy to ensure sustainable livelihoods for those working in its informal economy, of which street vending is an important sector. Based on qualitative, in-depth data collected...

Report pdf
Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright, Helen Barnes - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents TAZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Tanzania. This work was carried out by University of Dar es Salaam in collaboration with the project partners in the scope of the SOUTHMOD project. The results presented in this report are derived using TAZMOD version 2.1 ...

Working Paper pdf
Elineema Kisanga, Vincent Leyaro, Wahabi Matengo, Michael Noble, Helen Barnes, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the distributional impact of lowering the value-added tax rate for standard-rated items in Tanzania Mainland. Using a static tax-benefit microsimulation model—TAZMOD—which is underpinned by data derived from the Household Budget Survey 2017/18, reductions in...

Working Paper pdf
Roseline Misati, Kethi Ngoka - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study sought to examine the main constraints to manufacturing export competitiveness in Tanzania. Using panel data for the period 1997–2018, the study established that supply-side factors dominate demand-side factors in explaining manufacturing export competitiveness. Specifically,...

Journal Article
Asiya Maskaeva, Zanda Bochkaeva, Joel Mmasa, Mgeni Msafiri - The Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. This study analyses the impacts of indirect tax benefits policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8. The simulations model two indirect tax reforms involving changes to the excise...

Aimable Nsabimana - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Economics researcher Aimable Nsabimana shares the relevance and inspiration behind his recent work with UNU-WIDER on climate change and human development in Tanzania. How can research contribute to the wellbeing in Africa?  In 2019, I spent some months at UNU-WIDER in Helsinki as a...

Working Paper pdf
Ralitza Dimova, Sandra Kristine Halvorsen, Milla Nyyssölä, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

What drives livelihood diversification among predominantly rural households in developing countries and how can welfare-enhancing patterns be established and sustained in the long run? A large literature has focused on whether income diversification is a means of survival or a means of...

– Global versus regional value chains
Julian Boys, Antonio Andreoni - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As COVID-19 ravages international trade and production, policy-makers are shifting their sights from global value chains (GVCs) to regional value chains (RVCs) as pathways to industrialization. This blog presents evidence from the textiles and apparel sector in Tanzania, which shows that...

Working Paper pdf
Bethuel Kinyanjui Kinuthia - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the impact of the government input subsidy—the National Agriculture Input Voucher—on farmers’ production and welfare in Tanzania as well as the factors that influence agricultural production in the country. The analysis is based on the Living Standards...

Working Paper pdf
Anne Kamau, Maureen Odongo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The implementation of a Single Customs Territory by East African Community countries is intended to ease the movement of goods across borders by cutting costs and time through harmonization and simplification of customs documents, removal of burdensome customs procedures, and automation of...

Displaying 16 of 155 results.