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Publications (182)

Working Paper pdf
Katrin Gasior, Iva V. Tasseva, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the effectiveness of social protection benefits in reducing income and consumption poverty in five sub-Saharan African countries—Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia—in normal times and times of widespread economic crisis. Using tax–benefit microsimulation...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical evidence
Maureen Were, Cornel Joseph - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines trends and determinants of gross domestic savings in Tanzania using data for the period 1990–2020. The autoregressive distributed lag approach is employed to empirically analyse the short-run and long-run relationships. There has been a fairly stable increase in the...

Working Paper pdf
Maureen Were, Lorah Madete - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In a bid to realize its development aspirations, Tanzania has made concerted efforts to increase public investment, particularly in the last decade. A significant proportion of these investments are financed by contracting debt, manifested by the rapid accumulation of public debt, especially...

Working Paper pdf
Roosa Lambin, Milla Nyyssölä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Expansion of social protection reach among workers in the large informal economy represents a persisting and thorny challenge in the development context. In Mainland Tanzania, several domestically led policy reforms have been introduced to increasingly expand social protection for informal...

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring past policy trajectories and simulating future paths
Roosa Lambin, Milla Nyyssölä, Alexis Bernigaud - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania has expanded its social protection framework significantly over the past decade, but the country continues to grapple with important gender inequalities. This paper examines, first, the evolution and effects of Tanzania’s social protection policies since the 2000s, from the...

Report pdf
Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright, Rodrigo Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents TAZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Tanzania. It describes the different tax–benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes with a validation of TAZMOD results...

Working Paper pdf
Roosa Lambin, Milla Nyyssölä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania has experienced relatively strong and stable economic growth accompanied by social stability over the past two decades. The country is also pursuing an ambitious development plan with significant employment objectives. For development to be fully inclusive, specific attention must be...

Working Paper pdf
Aimable Nsabimana - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

There has been much discussion on climate change and its adverse effects on agriculture, including excessive loss of food production. In regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, where agriculture is the major source of household livelihoods, shocks in weather patterns affect farmers’...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications for policy
Samwel J. Kabote, Jires Tunguhole - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses factors for the declining trend in clove exports in Zanzibar using time series data that were collected between 1980 and 2020 and analysed using the vector error correction model, complemented with qualitative analysis. Clove production, producer price, world price, gross...

Journal Article
Asiya Maskaeva, Zanda Bochkaeva, Joel Mmasa, Mgeni Msafiri - The Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 2022

This study analyses the impacts of indirect tax benefits policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8. The simulations model two indirect tax reforms involving changes to the excise duty and value‐added tax rates...

Working Paper pdf
– Driving for gender-inclusive development?
Roosa Lambin, Milla Nyyssölä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In July 2020, the United Republic of Tanzania gained the status of a lower-middle-income country. This came after two decades of significant social policy reforms and transformations in the country’s economic structures. This paper explores social policy trajectories in Mainland Tanzania...

Working Paper pdf
– Why low capacity, discursive legitimacy, and twilight authority matter
Amy S. Patterson - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania received significant global attention for its COVID-19 response during the first year of the pandemic. It did not share pandemic statistics, require masks, implement lockdowns, or close borders; it questioned testing and vaccine efficacy; and it emphasized traditional medicines as a cure...

Working Paper pdf
– Examining policy developments and opportunities through a gender lens
Roosa Lambin, Milla Nyyssölä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania has undertaken important health sector reforms in the new millennium, and the most recent Health Sector Strategic Plan (2021–26) lays out ambitious targets to achieve universal health coverage. Yet, women in Tanzania continue to face significant barriers in accessing healthcare and...

Technical Note pdf
Mari Kangasniemi, Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Agricultural subsidies may have significant productive and distributional consequences, and policy-makers need to be able to assess these impacts as a part of the overall tax and benefit policy. Microsimulation models offer a tool for such analysis also in developing countries, but their coverage...

Matti Remes - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Millions of Africans lost their jobs as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, but state social security systems were of little help to people who lost their income. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research,...

– Evidence from risk-based tax examinations
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Risk-based approaches are becoming commonplace for tax authorities as a tool for enforcement. Improvements in technology, technological adoption and in some cases machine learning, hold great promise for finding the taxpayers who are most likely to avoid taxes, thus improving the detection...

Displaying 16 of 182 results.