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Publications (24)

Policy Brief pdf
Tony Addison, Alan R. Roe, Matthew Smith - UNU-WIDER, 2006 - Helsinki, Finland

Growth, poverty reduction, and social peace are all undermined when public expenditure management and taxation are weak and when the fiscal deficit and public debt are not managed successfully. And large-scale aid and debt relief cannot work without a good fiscal system. The macroeconomic...

– Poverty, Reconstruction and Growth
Tony Addison, Alan R. Roe - Palgrave Macmillan, 2006 - Basingstoke, UK

Fiscal policy is critical to the development of poor countries. Public spending on pro-poor services and public goods must be increased, tax revenues must be mobilized, and macro-economic stabilization must be achieved without inhibiting growth, poverty reduction and post-conflict reconstruction....

– Poverty, Reconstruction and Growth
Tony Addison, Alan R. Roe - Palgrave Macmillan, 2004 - Basingstoke, UK

Fiscal policy is critical to the development of poor countries. Public spending on pro-poor services and public goods must be increased, tax revenues must be mobilized, and macro-economic stabilization must be achieved without inhibiting growth, poverty reduction and post-conflict reconstruction....

Working Paper pdf
Andy McKay - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

Fiscal policy measures are a key means by which governments can influence distribution and poverty, but in fact the relationships between fiscal policy and poverty are not well understood. The most commonly used technique for assessing the distributional impact, benefit incidence analysis, is...

Working Paper pdf
Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

After more than a decade of economic decline and civil war, Uganda was able to return to economic growth thanks to the policies pursued by Museveni’s National Resistance Movement which elicited considerable donor support. They include macroeconomic reforms, public sector restructuring,...

Working Paper pdf
– The Case of Food Subsidies in India
Sonia R. Bhalotra - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the effect of a food subsidy programme in India on child malnutrition by addressing the following linked questions using household survey data that includes information on usage of the public distribution system. First, does the food subsidy induce higher expenditures on...

Working Paper pdf
Youssoufou Congo - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

This study tests the performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Burkina Faso using indicators such as the sustainable interest rate and the subsidy dependence index. The results indicate that MFIs outreach performance remains very low compared with potential demand, and the factors...

Working Paper pdf
Karin Kronlid - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the correlates of household welfare in urban Ethiopia with an emphasis on the impact of education. We use household panel data collected between 1994 and 1997. Welfare is approximated by household income. Although non-educated households are found in all...

Working Paper pdf
– Experience from ASIP in Zambia
Marko Nokkala - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Sector investment programmes have become a common tool in development assistance. However, their contribution to national growth of production and poverty reduction has been less investigated. The sector investments can be seen as a part of national fiscal policy, but, when run poorly, they can...

Working Paper pdf
Adrian Fozzard, Mick Foster - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The present paper critically examines how aid dependent low-income countries have approached the process of public expenditure management reform during the 1990s. It begins with an overview of broader public sector reform initiatives in LDCs which provide the backdrop against which expenditure...

Working Paper pdf
Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

To finance basic pro-poor services, the Government of Ghana must mobilize more public revenue. But tax reform has been highly controversial in Ghana. An attempt to introduce VAT in 1995 failed after widespread protests. Although a second attempt to introduce VAT in 1998 succeeded, strong resistance...

Working Paper pdf
S. Mansoob Murshed - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper examines two issues associated with aid and fiscal policy. First, how best the conditionality behind foreign aid, sometimes non-economic, is complied with in a principal-agent framework. In a multiple task and multiple principal framework, principals are better off...

Working Paper pdf
Norman Gemmell - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses recent theorising and empirical evidence on the impact of fiscal policy—taxes, public expenditures and budget deficits—on long-run growth. It considers the relevance of recent advances in growth theory for low-income countries and compares the evidence...

Working Paper pdf
Christopher J. Heady - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses the design of tax systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on low-income countries. It outlines the directions of reform that many low-income countries have followed, often on the advice of the IMF or the World Bank, and considers whether they are justified in...

Working Paper pdf
Jörgen Levin - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania has during the past years made substantial progress in stabilising the economy. One of the major issues has been to cut down on government activities and there has been a remarkable contraction. Although tax reform has been an important component in Tanzania’s economic reform...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical Evidence from Developing Countries
Matthew Odedokun - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The study is an empirical test of the effects of different categories of government expenditure, revenue and deficits on economic growth in developing countries. It is based on panel data of annual series over the last three decades for 103 countries, which are further classified into low-income,...

Displaying 16 of 24 results.