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Publications (24)

Giovanni Andrea Cornia - Oxford University Press, 2005 - Oxford, UK

Within-country income inequality has risen since the early 1980s in most of the OECD, all transitional, and many developing countries. More recently, inequality has risen also in India and nations affected by the Asian crisis. Altogether, over the last twenty years, inequality worsened in 70 per...

Giovanni Andrea Cornia - Oxford University Press, 2004 - Oxford, UK

Within-country income inequality has risen since the early 1980s in most of the OECD, all transitional, and many developing countries. More recently, inequality has risen also in India and nations affected by the Asian crisis. Altogether, over the last twenty years, inequality worsened in 70 per...

Working Paper pdf
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Tony Addison, Sampsa Kiiski - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the trends in within-country inequality during the post-World War II period, with particular attention to the last 20 years, on the basis of a review of the relevant literature and of an econometric analysis of inequality trends in 73 countries accounting for 80 per cent of the...

Policy Brief pdf
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Julius Court - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This policy brief reports the main findings of the study on changes in within-country income inequality over the last two decades and on the links between poverty, inequality, and growth. It focuses on inequality at the national level, i.e. the distribution of income among people within a country....

Working Paper pdf
Tony Addison, Giovanni Andrea Cornia - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality has risen in many countries over the last two decades, especially in the transition economies, but also in many developing and developed economies. This is disturbing since little progress can be made in poverty reduction when inequality is high and rising. Moreover, contrary to earlier...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence and Interpretation
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Sampsa Kiiski - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Until recently, the literature on income inequality within countries suggested that trends in this area had remained stable over the last few decades, and that there is no relation between changes in inequality on the one side and domestic and external liberalization on the other. Against this...

Working Paper pdf
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Sanjay Reddy - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This study evaluates the impact of the over seventy Social Funds (SFs) which were introduced since the mid-1980s to offset the surge in poverty spurred by adjustment. SFs benefited from greater visibility and financial support by the donor community than traditional social security programmes, and...

Working Paper pdf
Lance Taylor - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

As seen from the year 2001, economic policy in developing and post-socialist economies during the preceding 10-15 years had one dominating theme - external 'liberalization' or the drastic lowering or removal of long-standing barriers to almost all international transactions in markets for...

Working Paper pdf
Ke-Young Chu, Hamid Davoodi, Sanjeev Gupta - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews income distribution in developing (and transition) countries in recent decades. On average, before-tax income distribution is less unequal in developing countries than it is in industrial countries. However, unlike industrial countries, developing countries in general have not...

Working Paper pdf
– A Critical Analysis
Ajit Singh, Rahul Dhumale - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

Much of the vast literature on changes in income distribution in advanced countries during the last two decades attributes these either to globalization (specifically in the form of trade liberalization with low-wage developing countries), or to skill-biased technology, or to a combination of the...

Working Paper pdf
– What Are the New Insights after the Washington Consensus?
Rolph van der Hoeven - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

The economic reform policies in the 1980s and the 1990s under the so-called Washington Consensus have recently led to growing concern for inequality. This paper looks at some of the labour market outcomes of the economic reform policies in terms of inequality. The paper argues that labour market...

Working Paper pdf
Daniele Checchi - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we propose to measure the inequality of educational achievements by constructing a Gini index on educational attainments. We then use the proposed measure to analyse the relationship between inequality in incomes and educational achievements (in terms of both the average attainments...

Working Paper pdf
– The Experience of Thailand
Isra Sarntisart - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

The impressive economic growth record of Thailand before 1997 was dominated by the increasing importance of modem industrialization, as well as the expansion of other sectors. This occurred at the expense of agriculture, which accounts for the largest employment pool. At the same time, the country...

Working Paper pdf
– The Case of Turkey
A. Erinc Yeldan - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

This study attempts to investigate and assess the impact of financial liberalization and the ongoing rise of financial rents on income distribution in the post-1980 Turkish economy. Our quantitative investigation of the dynamics of macroeconomic development over this period discloses an overall...

Working Paper pdf
– Accounting for the Evolution of Venezuelan Inequality
Francisco Rodríguez - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the evolution of Venezuelan inequality since 1970. It finds a striking increase in Venezuelan inequality that has been due mainly to the rise in capital's share of GDP. It shows that the increase can be traced back to the coupling of a collapse in the ratio of physical to...

Working Paper pdf
– Has Liberalization Helped?
Raghbendra Jha - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

This study examines the empirical relationship among inequality, poverty and economic growth in India. Using data on consumption from the 13th to the 53rd Rounds of the National Sample Survey, the author computes, for both rural and urban sectors, the Gini coefficient and three popular measures of...

Displaying 16 of 24 results.