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Publications (28)

Working Paper pdf
David Mayer-Foulkes - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

I model life expectancy in terms of physical and human capital and technology, the fundamental economic variables described by economic growth theories. For concreteness, the Solow model and a convergence club growth model by Howitt and Mayer (2001) are used as examples. I discuss how a multiple...

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– Fine Tuning Poverty Targeting Using a ‘Poverty Map’— the Case of Mozambique
Orlando San Martin - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Combining data from both, a nationwide standards of living survey (LSMS) and a national population and housing census, this paper generates a disaggregated map of poverty and living conditions in Mozambique. This analytical tool helps to overcome a problem very common until recently, namely that...

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Jennifer Mbabazi, Oliver Morrissey, Chris Milner - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

There has been a recent resurgence of interest in the relationship between income inequality and growth, manifested in a number of important publications. In parallel with this, concern with the impact of economic reform and globalization on developing countries has led to an upsurge of interest in...

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Arne Bigsten, Jörgen Levin - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews recent research dealing with the relationships between economic growth, income distribution, and poverty. This generally fails to find any systematic pattern of change in income distribution during recent decades. Neither does it find any systematic link from fast growth to...

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– the Empirical Relationship Reconsidered in the Light of Comparable Data
Stephen Knowles - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

All of the recent empirical work on the relationship between income inequality and economic growth has used inequality data that are not consistently measured. This paper argues that this is inappropriate and shows that the significant negative correlation often found between income inequality and...

Working Paper pdf
Neil McCulloch, Bob Baulch, Milasoa Cherel-Robson - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Zambia has undergone a dramatic transformation of economic policy during the 1990s. The election in 1991 of the Movement for Multi-party Democracy government saw the introduction of a series of major economic reforms designed to transform the Zambian economy from a relatively inward looking and...

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Rasmus Heltberg, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper identifies the key causal factors behind farmers’ marketing decisions in Mozambique. A two-step decision making process is modelled. Farmers decide, first, whether or not to participate in the market and, second, how much to market. The model is estimated using a Heckman switching...

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– Evidence from African Countries
Matthew Odedokun, Jeffery I. Round - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper empirically investigates, in the context of African countries, the determinants of income distribution and inequality, the effect of inequality on economic growth, and the channels through which inequality affects growth. Data for 35 countries over different periods in the last four...

Working Paper pdf
William Easterly - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Structural adjustment, as measured by the number of adjustment loans from the IMF and World Bank, reduces the growth elasticity of poverty reduction. Growth does reduce poverty, but I find no evidence for a direct effect of structural adjustment on growth. Instead, the poor benefit less from output...

Working Paper pdf
– Building Institutions for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction
Ke-Young Chu - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Economic growth and poverty reduction require for a country to establish efficient rules for economic and political transactions. Poor countries suffer from inadequate, inefficient transaction rules. Formal rules (e.g., laws, policies) must be nested in hospitable behavioural norms...

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– a Microsimulation Study for Côte d’Ivoire
Michael Grimm - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper proposes a microeconomic decomposition of the evolution of income inequality in Côte d'Ivoire in the 1990s, allowing the in-depth analysis of simultaneous contributions of four types of phenomena to the evolution of the distribution of income: a change in the...

Working Paper pdf
– A Microsimulation
Francisco H.G. Ferreira, Phillippe Leite - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Does more education really mean less poverty and less inequality? How much less? And what are the transmission mechanisms? This paper presents the results of a microsimulation exercise for the Brazilian State of Ceará, which suggests that broad-based policies aimed at increasing...

Displaying 28 of 28 results.