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Publications (7321)

Working Paper pdf
– The effect of peer salary information on own-earnings forecasts
Sam Jones, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

How jobseekers set their earnings expectations is central to job search models. To study this process, we track the evolution of own-earnings forecasts over 18 months for a representative panel of university-leavers in Mozambique and estimate the impact of a wage information intervention. We sent...

Working Paper pdf
– Do urban agglomeration economies matter?
Clive Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In the presence of agglomeration economies, the effects of a rural roads programme depend not only on the reduction in transportation costs, but also on the form of labour mobility. When financed by a poll tax on rural households, the wage will rise, accompanied by some return migration, provided...

Working Paper pdf
Jose Jaime Macuane, Carlos Muianga - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In the light of Mozambique’s natural resources boom—especially its large-scale investments in mining, oil, and gas—this paper analyses the prospects for the extractive industries to contribute to economic transformation from an institutional perspective. To this purpose, we...

Working Paper pdf
Johnny Flentø, Leonardo Santos Simao - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As a sovereign country, Mozambique initially relied on international solidarity and managed its donor relations well. Donor dependency entailed some loss of agency for the government as it allowed donors to challenge its capacity but never its authority. However, in the last decade, donor...

Working Paper pdf
João Carlos Trindade - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The rule of law and judicial independence are a project yet to be achieved in Mozambique. The different attempts made so far to reform the legal system, mainly after the change in political and strategic direction brought about by the Constitution of 1990, were always short-sighted and...

Working Paper pdf
– Factors affecting public financial management
António S. Cruz, Fausto J. Mafambissa - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique has achieved incipient but still fragile socio-economic development since 1975. The public financial management system has been reformed and improved, but its performance has weakened since 2013. Applying an institutional economics approach, we have identified the economic growth...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of institutions in the definition of results
Salvador Forquilha - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

With the introduction of the economic reforms in the late 1980s, the opening up of the political arena and the end of the civil war in the early 1990s, the decentralization process began in Mozambique. Different research developed in recent years shows that, as is the case in other countries in...

Working Paper pdf
– The Mozambique case
Paulo Ivo Garrido - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The central aim of this text is to show the impact institutions have on the performance of the health sector in Mozambique. The text shows that of the social determinants of health, institutions play a central role in the performance of the Mozambican health sector—and, through it,...

Working Paper pdf
– From access to epistemic quality in primary education
Mouzinho Mário, Celso M. Monjane, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

From the early days of national independence in 1975, the central aim of the educational policy in Mozambique has been to ensure that all school-age children have access to school and can remain there until they have completed their basic education. In the pursuit of this aim, the extension of...

Working Paper pdf
Abdul Magid Osman, Djamila Pontes Osman - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The financial inclusion effort achieved positive results, with the number of Mozambicans having access to banking services increasing considerably, particularly after 2011–12. However, the economic and social impact was limited, considering that farm productivity has remained low and...

Working Paper pdf
João Z. Carrilho, Rui N. Ribeiro - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper is a review of the institutions and the performance of the agricultural sector in Mozambique, using an analysis table adapted to the assessment of the connections between the institutions and economic development. In the first part, information is presented on the performance of the...

Working Paper pdf
Thomas Markussen, Smriti Sharma, Saurabh Singhal, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the effects of randomly introduced economic inequality on voluntary cooperation, and whether this relationship is influenced by the quality of local institutions, as proxied by corruption. We use representative data from a large-scale lab-in-the-field public goods experiment with over...

Working Paper pdf
Sefa Awaworyi Churchill, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We present the first study that examines the effects of ethnic diversity on informal work. Using two waves of data from the Ghana Socioeconomic Panel Survey, we find that ethnic diversity is associated with a higher probability of engaging in informal work. Specifically, our instrumental variable...

Working Paper pdf
Evelyn Dietsche - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the potential impacts of the transition to a low-carbon future for the taxation of extractive resources. The global debate on climate change has firmly moved on from the question of whether countries ought to shift towards such a future to that of how they are going to achieve...

Working Paper pdf
– An interpretative survey in the time of COVID-19
Prema-chandra Athukorala, Chaturica Athukorala - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918-20—commonly known as the Spanish flu—infected over a quarter of the world’s population and killed over 50 million people. It is by far the greatest humanitarian disaster caused by infectious disease in modern history. Epidemiologists and...

Working Paper pdf
– A development perspective
Antonio Savoia, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews the recent literature on the developmental effects of resource abundance, assessing likely effects and channels with respect to income inequality, poverty, education, and health. To date, this area has received less analysis although it is relevant to the Sustainable...

Displaying 32 of 7321 results.