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Publications (8006)

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from COVID-19
Sam Jones, Ivan Manhique - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Digital labour platforms have grown five-fold over the last decade, enabling significant expansion in gig work worldwide. We interrogate the criticism that these platforms tend to amplify aggregate economic shocks for registered users (workers). Based on the universe of records from a matching...

Working Paper pdf
– A heterogeneous co-integrated panel analysis
Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

A substantial amount of aid to developing countries is given to the government, or goes through the budget, meaning it should have an impact on government fiscal behaviour (particularly on government spending). The few existing empirical studies on the effects of aid on government spending...

Working Paper pdf
Pierfrancesco Rolla, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Organized crime affects security, development, and democracy worldwide, but not much is known about its social consequences. We study how exposure to the presence of organized crime groups shapes the social capital of Italian citizens, including political participation, civic engagement, and...

Working Paper pdf
Mrinalini Jha, Rahul Lahoti - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on income levels, poverty, and inequality in both the immediate aftermath and during the uneven recovery until December 2021 using high-frequency household survey data from India. We find that the average household incomes dropped sharply...

Working Paper pdf
Edmund Terence Gomez - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Malaysia provides for interesting paradoxes. Poverty was reduced by adopting a horizontal perspective to policy planning through affirmative action targeting one ethnic group lagging economically in society. However, outcomes of affirmative action include growing wealth and income disparities...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Argentina’s tax amnesties
Juliana Londoño-Vélez, Dario Tortarolo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the effectiveness of tax amnesties and their impacts on capital taxation and public spending. We leverage rich policy variation from Argentina, where left- and right-wing governments implemented multiple programmes and achieved varying success. After numerous failed...

Working Paper pdf
Stephen G. Hall, Bernadette O'Hare - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper empirically investigates the link between the level of government revenue per capita and six indicators of quality of governance in an unbalanced panel data set consisting of all countries in the world (217) using data from 1980 to 2020. It uses single-equation GMM techniques and a VAR...

Working Paper pdf
Njuguna Ndung'u - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper traces the development of fintech in sub-Saharan Africa, its evolution over time, and the unfolding benefits attained at each stage of its adoption and market evolution. From the onset, fintechs have revolutionized retail electronic payment systems—a revolution that has...

Working Paper pdf
Nancy H. Chau, Ravi Kanbur, Vidhya Soundararajan - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The issue of employer power is underemphasized in the development literature. The default model is usually one of competitive labour markets. This assumption matters for analysis and policy prescription. There is growing evidence that the competitive labour markets assumption is not valid for...

Working Paper pdf
– Observations with new tax data
Ali Compaoré, Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

There exists a burgeoning empirical literature on the impact of aid fragmentation on development outcomes in aid-receiving countries, with it being widely recognized that aid fragmentation is deleterious. This paper adds to the existing literature by estimating the impact of aid fragmentation...

Working Paper pdf
Abbey Steele, Michael Weintraub - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Rebels, militias, and criminal groups all govern civilians. Governing strategies adopted by armed groups during civil war likely influence citizens’ post-conflict political participation, with consequences for democratic politics. We theorize that an armed group’s position relative...

Working Paper pdf
Katarzyna Bilicka, Evgeniya Dubinina, Petr Janský - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Multinational corporations shift a large share of their foreign profits to tax havens and, due to this corporate tax avoidance, governments worldwide lose a portion of their tax revenues. In this paper we study the consequences of multinational tax avoidance for the structure of government tax...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of different parts of the income distribution
David Castells-Quintana, Carlos Gradín, Vicente Royuela - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we reassess the relationship between inequality and human development, focusing on the differential effect associated with the concentration of national income at different parts of the income distribution. To do so, we rely on a large global panel of countries over the last decades...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Industrialization in the developing world
Hagen Kruse, Emmanuel Mensah, Kunal Sen, Gaaitzen de Vries - IMF Economic Review, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW  | This study examines industrialization in developing countries. It introduces the GGDC-UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database, which provides consistent annual data of employment, real and nominal value added by 12 sectors in 51 economies for the...

– Experimental evidence from Mozambique
Sam Jones, Kunal Sen - VoxEU, 2022 - London, UK

Digital technologies can be deployed to improve job search, but their effectiveness in practice is disrupted. This column uses experimental data to investigate the effect of a digital job-matching platform on the labour outcomes of young people in Mozambique. The ‘treatment’ of a text...

– Evidence from tax administrative and survey data in Zambia
Aliisa Koivisto, Christopher Hoy, Laban Simbeye, Muhammad Malik, Mashekwa Maboshe - World Bank, 2022 - Washington, USA

Like most other countries, the government of Zambia introduced restrictions to control COVID-19, which considerably curtailed normal economic activity. A new WIDER and World Bank working paper, a multi-institutional collaboration of UNU-WIDER, the World Bank, the Zambia Revenue Authority and the...

Displaying 32 of 8006 results.