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Publications (6702)

– Evidence from an insurgency in India
Heidi Kaila, Saurabh Singhal, Divya Tuteja - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Implementing development programmes in conflict-affected areas is crucial for conflict as well as poverty reduction. The big question is how do you carry out these programmes successfully? Are there specific conditions under which development policies are effective? What is their impact on...

– Introducing the GRD Explorer
Kyle McNabb - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Let’s face it, data is important. It sits at the core of almost everything that we in the development economics research community do. However, the way in which we use, share, understand, interpret and present data is more important still. Therefore, we are delighted to share with you the...

Journal Article
– The case of indigenous Australians
Alan Duncan, Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi - Applied Economics, 2019

This paper provides new insights on the labour market discrimination faced by indigenous Australians one of the most disadvantaged indigenous populations in developed countries. Combining two large, nationally representative datasets, we decompose the employment gap between indigenous and non-...

Working Paper pdf
– The impact of tax-benefit systems in Africa
Olivier Bargain, H. Xavier Jara, Prudence Kwenda, Miracle Ntuli - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Redistributive systems in Africa are still in their infancy but are constantly expanding in order to finance increasing public spending. This paper aims at characterizing the redistributive potential of six African countries: Ghana, Zambia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and South Africa....

Working Paper pdf
– A microsimulation approach
Cristina Arancibia, Mariana Dondo, H. Xavier Jara, David Macas, Nicolás Oliva, Rebeca Riella, David Rodriguez, Joana Urraburu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse the effect of taxes and benefits on income distribution of six Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Our analysis makes use of tax-benefit microsimulation models based on harmonized household representative survey data and developed...

– A report from the stakeholder workshop - 15 November 2018, Pretoria, South Africa
Timothy Shipp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

I found myself in the third-floor conference rooms of a Pretoria hotel for a meeting with economists, researchers, and policymakers involved in the SA-TIED programme. We had gathered here to discuss research progress in SA-TIED for two of the six work streams: Public revenue...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The Case of Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera Programme
Serena Masino, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - The Journal of Development Studies, 2018

This paper follows a quasi-experimental research design to assess the impact of the electronic payment system of Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. The switch from cash payments to electronic payments delivered via savings accounts is found to have medium-term...

– UNU-WIDER provides open access to a wealth of information
Heini Salonen - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The question ‘why is there so little industrialization in Africa?’ has been a key focus of UNU-WIDER researchers and research partners for the last decade. Many Asian economies started their industrialization processes from conditions similar to those that African countries are...

John Page - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This week I attended the 28th Africa Industrialization Day at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Even sympathetic readers may reasonably ask, why hold another African Industrialization Day at all? The short answer is Africa needs structural change to grow, to create jobs, and to reduce...

Working Paper pdf
Peter Fisker, Soren Schou - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The latest firm survey of Mozambique, the Inquerito ás Indústrias Manufactureiras (IIM) 2017, draws a concerning picture of the manufacturing sector. However, it is not obvious whether this is true for the population of manufacturing firms in Mozambique, as the representativeness of...

Working Paper pdf
– The bird’s-eye and the granular perspectives
Hai‐Anh H. Dang, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

India today is achieving per capita growth rates that are historically unprecedented. Poverty reduction has also accelerated. There is concern, however, that this growth is being accompanied by rising inequality. We report on a research project that examines inequality trends and dynamics at...

Working Paper pdf
– Labour markets and fiscal redistribution 1989–2014
Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, Nora Lustig, John Scott - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Income inequality in Mexico increased between 1989 and 1994; between 1994 and 2006, inequality declined; and, between 2006 and 2014, inequality was again on the rise. We apply decomposition techniques to analyse the proximate determinants of labour income inequality and fiscal incidence...

Working Paper pdf
Roy van der Weide, Melinda Vigh - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Productivity and socio-economic progress are inter-connected. Economic growth funds policies that promote socio-economic progress, while the latter serves as a growth engine. A society with high mobility is one where individual achievements are influenced less by the individual’s parents...

Working Paper pdf
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high income inequality, from 2001 Brazil experienced a downward inequality trend followed by rising household income growth. Both movements lasted until 2015. This work synthesizes the results of six papers, describing Brazilian income distribution trends...

Working Paper pdf
– Experimental evidence on role models in Viet Nam
Gaia Narciso, Carol Newman, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

How can development programmes reach out to remote communities? This paper presents experimental evidence on the impact of a role models intervention that aims to inspire ethnic minority households to start businesses and diversify income sources. The experiment took place in three provinces...

Working Paper pdf
Murray Leibbrandt, Vima Ranchhod, Pippa Green - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We synthesize the findings from several recent papers on South Africa’s very high income inequality. These papers use new datasets—including income tax data—and new empirical methods to investigate the drivers of household income and individual earnings inequality in South...

Displaying 32 of 6702 results.